© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown woman formerly known as Anne Boleyn
by Gaspar Bouttats, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
etching, late 17th century
11 7/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (302 mm x 187 mm) plate size; 12 7/8 in. x 8 in. (328 mm x 204 mm) paper size
- Anne Boleyn (circa 1500-1536), Second Queen of Henry VIII. Sitter associated with 23 portraits.
- Gaspar Bouttats (1625-1695), Printmaker. Artist associated with 14 portraits.
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 315 portraits, Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- NPG D21397: Lady Jane Grey (from same plate [partly])
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.