© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh)
by Simon de Passe, published by Compton Holland Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1617 (1614)
7 1/4 in. x 4 5/8 in. (183 mm x 116 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 9 3/8 in. (353 mm x 239 mm) paper size
- Sir Walter Ralegh (1554-1618), Soldier, sailor, poet and writer. Sitter in 48 portraits.
- Simon de Passe (1595-1647), Engraver. Artist associated with 202 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Compton Holland (died 1622), Print publisher. Artist associated with 42 portraits.
This title page to Ralegh's History of the World, published in 1614, presents Ralegh as a naval commander.
- NPG D21166: Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh) (from same plate)
- NPG D21167: Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh) (from same plate)
- NPG D25421: Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh) (from same plate)
Robert Carey, Earl of Monmouth is made Chamberlain to Prince Charles. Petitions from Catholics persuade James I to permit certain types of recreation on Sundays. However, the king's subsequent declaration of sports angers Puritans who advocated for appropriate and strict observance of the sabbath.
Art and science
Physician and Rosicrucian, Robert Fludd, begins to publish his philosophical work, Utriusque cosmi
. Extensively illustrated with mystic emblems, Fludd's neoplatonist metaphysics suggested a complex relationship between the spiritual and physical world, prompting attacks from leading scholars.
Incited by Charles d'Albert, Duke of Luynes, Constable of France, the seventeen-year-old French king, Louis XIII, forces his mother Marie de Medici who has held de facto power, into retirement and has her favourite, Concino Concini, assassinated.