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The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

1 of 2 portraits of Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery

Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
1820-1823
91 3/4 in. x 140 1/4 in. (2330 mm x 3562 mm)
NPG 999


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The discussion in the House of Lords on a Bill of Pains and Penalties inquiring into the Queen’s conduct during her wanderings abroad as Princess of Wales. Hayter’s painting contains 186 figures, of whom four feature in this catalogue (references to key and pl. refer to R. J. B. Walker, National Portrait Gallery, Regency Portraits, 1985, I, pp 605-08; II, pls.1517-24.):
Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (1738-1844), key 152, pl.1530; his tiny elderly head appears on the right in the second row.
Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall (1754-1831), key 66, pl.1528; his head appears centre left in the back row. Cornewall also appears in one of Hayter’s sketches for the Trial, NPG 1695(n) (R. J. B. Walker, National Portrait Gallery, Regency Portraits, 1985, I, p 621; II, pl.1546).
William Harcourt, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale (1743-1830), key 46; his head appears on the left, in the second row.
James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale (1759-1839), key 102, pl.1529; his head appears above and to the left of Queen Caroline.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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