Charles de Sousy Ricketts
1 portrait on display in Room 28 at the National Portrait Gallery
- Extended catalogue entry
Charles de Sousy Ricketts
by Charles Haslewood Shannon
Oil on canvas, 1898
38 1/4 in. x 39 5/8 in. (972 mm x 1006 mm)
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Inscriptionback to top
Signed lower right, on sheet protruding from book: ‘C H Shannon’;
and dated to left: ‘M-D-CCC-XC-VIII’.
On upper stretcher inscr.: ‘A’ and ‘150 HB’.
On X-bar, printed label: ‘James Bourlet and Sons Ltd., 17–18 Nassau St W’ with stamped number ‘C21920’.
On left stretcher, fragment of another Bourlet label.
Labels (now removed to Primary Collection Associated Items plan chest, NPG Archive):
(a) fragment: ‘…verhampton / Art & Industrial Exhibit.../ INE A’.
(c) ‘The Man in the Inverness Cloak’ (recorded in NPG RP 3106).
This portraitback to top
Sitter and artist were lifelong companions from 1882, living first in Chelsea and from 1898 to 1902 in Richmond, where this portrait was probably executed. It has become the premier image of Ricketts and is a companion piece to the half-length self-portrait by Shannon, NPG 3107. It shows Ricketts in an interior setting, with a book, a black dish and three snowdrops as accessories. He wears a long dark cape that effectively disguises his short stature.
The pose comes from the Renaissance, while ‘[t]he squarish format and understated colour recall Whistler’;  in addition, the work underlines the view held by artist and sitter that ‘all really fine painting – painters’ painting – has lent towards the dark keys … [in which ] lie infinite possibilities of gradation, mystery and suggestion: infinite resources in the mere quality and consistency of the pigments’.  Moreover, both the sombre tones and the profile turned almost out of sight seem designed to convey a Symbolist sense of unknowable interiority, rather than the public display of character claimed by conventional portraiture. This is at odds with what is recorded as Ricketts’s ‘restless, eloquent’ manner and rapid, dazzling conversation,  but accords with the view that underneath the ‘great vitality lay a loneliness [and] a deep pessimism … which is the key to his character’. 
The dish holding the snowdrops appears to be one of the antique items collected by Ricketts and Shannon. Nearly a dozen such Attic vessels were bequeathed by them to the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, including two black-glossed Castulo cups similar to that shown here; ; a red-figured cup features in Shannon’s 1917 portrait of Ricketts (see ‘All known portraits’) and also in Shannon’s 1907 self-portrait called The Marble Torso.
When exhibited at the New English Art Club, the work was given the title The Man in the Inverness Coat (now normally rendered ‘Inverness Cape’). ‘I like it much,’ commented the sitter. ‘I am turning away from the 20th century to think only of the 15th.’ Later he added, with typical whimsicality, ‘I look as if I had written to Ariosto, the book at my side has been sent to me by Aretino with a hint that a silk doublet would be acceptable. We are in A.D. 1515.’ 
The critical response was favourable. ‘Mr C.H. Shannon’s Man in an Inverness Coat might be called the pièce de résistance of the whole exhibition because, as the foundation of a very fine Rembrandt-like exercise in brown, blackish-bronze and olive-greys, it manifests more spirit and originality than is common anywhere,’ commented the Athenaeum,  while the Magazine of Art critic wrote: ‘There are here dignity, reticence, simplicity, vigour and character, allied to beautiful drawing and fine quality of paint. The picture is, no doubt, too low in tone for posterity to enjoy Mr Shannon’s work as we do; but as it stands the picture is a notable achievement. There is nothing here [at the NEAC] to take place beside it.’ 
Labels for James Bourlet & Sons, Fine Art Packers, indicate that NPG 3106 was at one stage stamped with a display or transport number C21920, while NPG 3107 was numbered C21921, suggesting they were packed at the same time, although no early details of simultaneous exhibition have been discovered.
Before NPG 3106 and 3107 were acquired by the National Portrait Gallery in 1942, they were viewed by Ricketts’s executor Thomas Lowinsky, who wrote, ‘I am not sure whether they are not the best portraits that Shannon ever painted – anyway they are by far the best self-portraits – if you can call the one of Ricketts a self portrait [sic]; – since they were so much identified with each other, you nearly can.’  Later that year, they were welcomed as ‘important acquisitions. Here is not the end of the nineteenth century but the beginning of a new phase in English art; not simply two distinguished painters, but a significant moment in time caught and fixed.’ 
Dr Jan Marsh
Footnotesback to top
1) Darracott 1980, p.23.
2) Ricketts writing in 1900, quoted Darracott 1980, p.58 (no source cited).
3) Observation by William Rothenstein, quoted Darracott 1980, pp.16, 20.
4) Delaney 1990, p.3.
5) Fitzwilliam M., Cambridge, GR.49.1937 (14cm wide) and GR 56.1937 (22cm wide), both from 5th century BCE. Our thanks to David Gill, Swansea U. for information on the Ricketts and Shannon collection of antiquities.
6) Letters from C. Ricketts to Michael Field, 16 and 30 Nov. 1898; quoted Darracott 1980, pp.22–3.
7) Athenaeum, 26 Nov. 1898, p.758.
8) MA, 1899, p.141.
9) Letter from T. Lowinsky to H.M. Hake, 7 Feb. 1942, NPG RP 3106.
10) Unsigned note, Burlington Magazine, Sept. 1942, p.228.
Physical descriptionback to top
Nearly three-quarter-length, standing, profile almost perdu to left, brown hair, long reddish beard, wearing mauve shirt, beige gloves and dark cape, with black dish and snowdrops right foreground.
Conservationback to top
Conserved, 1979; 1991.
Provenanceback to top
Sir Edmund Davis; his widow, from whose estate purchased 1942 with funds from NACF together with NPG 3107.
Exhibitionsback to top
New English Art Club winter, 1898 (72).
Possibly Royal Society of Portrait Painters 1900 (99, ‘Charles Ricketts, Esq.’)
Wolverhampton Art Gallery, date unknown.
Reproductionsback to top
Sutton 1966, p.139.
Calloway 1979, p.20.
Darracott 1980, p.23.
Delaney 1990, p.112 (as ‘The Man in the Inverness Cape’).