Marion Harry Spielmann
- Extended catalogue entry
© National Portrait Gallery, London
Marion Harry Spielmann
by John Henry Frederick Bacon
Oil on canvas, 1904
24 in. x 20 in. (610 mm x 508 mm)
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Inscriptionback to top
On stretcher bar inscr. in pencil and ink: ‘M.H. SPIELMANN by JOHN H. BACON . 1904’;
and framemakers’ printed label: ‘Bourlet, 17 & 18 Nassau Street, London W.1’ (overlaid and partly obscured by NPG label).
This portraitback to top
This is the prime image of Marion Harry Spielmann, and the main portrait in oils in the iconography. It was painted in 1904, the year the Magazine of Art, of which he was for seventeen years the editor, ceased circulation. NPG 4352 is in fact only a part of the original portrait that was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1904 (473). The original is known through contemporary reproductions.  It was a large whole-length showing Spielmann in his study, seated at an upright desk with bulging portfolios in the foreground. His son the donor thought it ‘a full-length of awkward pose’. At some time between 1904 and 1949, when it was first offered to the National Portrait Gallery, the portrait was cut down on all sides to make into a bust-length picture. 
John Henry Frederick Bacon moved from painting predominantly genre scenes towards producing more portraiture in the early 1900s. He worked on several large ceremonial pieces and was elected ARA in 1903. Why Spielmann, with his intimate knowledge of the contemporary art scene, agreed to be painted by Bacon, and on such an impressive scale, is not known.  There were pastel portraits of Spielmann at Bacon’s studio sale in 1914.  And Spielmann also owned a Bacon chalk self-portrait.  Perhaps they were old friends; the portrait effectively captures Spielmann’s penetrating gaze and his dress, with a loose-fitting jacket, extra-high shirt collar and loosely knotted tie.
The painter H.J. Thaddeus described Spielmann’s appearance in 1887, the year he assumed the editorship of the Magazine of Art: ‘He had already established his reputation as perhaps the brightest and most accomplished art critic in London. Youthful and frail in appearance, his pallid countenance was illuminated by the most remarkable eyes, black and lustrous, that I have ever seen. They literally danced with life, alertness and intelligence, riveting your attention with a mesmeric attraction.’ 
The portrait was bequeathed by Spielmann’s only son, Dr Percy Edwin Spielmann (1881–1964, petrochemist) to ‘supplement’ the portrait by J.H. Amschewitz (see NPG 3047), which he felt did not do his father justice.
Footnotesback to top
1) Graphic, 7 May 1904, suppl. ‘The Royal Academy’ (n.p.); and Cassell’s RA Pictures 1904, p.63.
2) See under ‘Inscription’ for a Bourlet label on the stretcher. As Bourlet ceased trading in 1908, this suggests that the cutting down was done early on.
3) The Spielmann Papers at the John Rylands UL, U. of Manchester, might contain references to Bacon and this commission.
4) Untraced; Sotheby’s, 27 Apr. 1914 (25 and 47).
5) See Robinson & Foster, 29 Jan. 1948 (160).
6) Thaddeus 1912, p.167.
Physical descriptionback to top
Bust-length to left, head turned to face the viewer, prominent raised shirt collar, green dado rail at shoulder level.
Provenanceback to top
The sitter; by descent to his son, Dr Percy Edwin Spielmann, who bequeathed the portrait to the NPG, 1964.
Exhibitionsback to top
Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, 1904 (473).
Salon des artistes français, Paris, 1905 (59).
Reproductionsback to top
Showing the original composition
Graphic, 7 May 1904, supplement ‘The Royal Academy’ (n.p.).
Cassell’s RA Pictures 1904, p.63.
View all known portraits for Marion Harry Spielmann