Sir John Tenniel
4 of 23 portraits on display in Room 28 at the National Portrait Gallery
- Extended catalogue entry
© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir John Tenniel
by Francis Montague ('Frank') Holl
Oil on canvas, 1883
23 3/4 in. x 18 3/4 in. (603 mm x 476 mm)
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Inscriptionback to top
On frame, labels (removed March 1937 and now in Primary Collection Associated Items plan chest, NPG Archive):
(a) inscr. in ink: Number 1 / John Tenniel Esq. / Frank Holl R.A. / The Three Gables / Fitzjohns Avenue NW.
(b) printed with inscr.: [...] Academy Exhibition of Works by the [ ] / [ ]Artist: Frank Holl / [ ] Work: Portrait of John [ ] / Name and Address of Owner: William Agnew Esq. / 11 Great Stanhope St.
(c) printed with inscr.: Royal Jubil [ ] / Manches [ ] / Artist: Frank Holl. / Title: John Tenniel / Owners name: William Agnew Esq., / Address: Summer Hill, Pendleton.
On stretcher, printed label with inscr. (now removed to Primary Collection Associated Items plan chest, NPG Archive): Royal Commission for the Chicago Exhibition, 1893 / British Section. / Fine Arts. / No: 342 / Artist: The late Frank Holl R.A. / Title: Portrait of John Tenniel / Lent by: William Agnew Esq / Address: 11 Gt. Stanhope Str [ ] / Mayfair.
This portraitback to top
William Agnew and his brother Thomas Agnew were part-proprietors of Punch from 1870, and William Agnew became chairman of the magazine in 1890. He was a great admirer of Frank Holl's work, and sat to him for a portrait that was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1883 and acquired by the National Portrait Gallery in 2015 (NPG 6991|mw245406). Also in 1883 Agnew commissioned a profile portrait of the chief cartoonist Tenniel, and this work, NPG 1596, was exhibited at the Grosvenor Gallerys 1883 Summer Exhibition (89). The double bill of Tenniel and Holl proved naturally attractive, and the portrait was lent to several exhibitions in the 1880s and 1890s, including the Chicago Exhibition in 1893. 
Holls portrait of Tenniel aroused interest from the first. The Art Journal (an art world insider evidently) judged it very vigorous, but wanting in the sense of humour which twinkles in the eye and softens the mouth of the original.  The Academy thought it the most striking of the four Holls at the Grosvenor,  and the Magazine of Art agreed that it was the best, calling it simple and vigorous.  In a longish report on Holls 1883 Grosvenor Gallery portraits, in which it compared the artist to Frans Hals, the Athenaeum criticized Holls tendency to coarseness and roughness, and his use of a palette that was strong without richness. It nevertheless allowed that the image of Tenniel was charged with character, and therefore extremely welcome. 
A recently found letter from Tenniel to Ernest G. Brown of the Leicester Galleries reveals that William Agnew in fact commissioned two portraits of the cartoonist in 1883: a full-face version as well as the profile NPG 1596. The full-face portrait was owned by Williams brother Thomas and was sold by his widow in June 1906, at which point it was acquired by the Leicester Galleries, London; it is presently untraced. 
Holls daughter A.M. Reynolds described William Agnew as one of her fathers dearest friends and staunchest admirers.  The connexion between Holl and Tenniel may have come through Agnew, although Tenniel and Franks father, Francis Holl sen., had performed in charity theatricals together years earlier in 1848, in aid of the Artists General Benevolent Institution. 
Sir William Agnew died in 1910. In his will he bequeathed the portrait of Tenniel by Holl to the Gallery and, exceptionally, it was accepted outright, in Tenniels lifetime.
As recorded in the Register of applications to copy portraits, NPG 77/5, a copyist or student, H. Allan, was given permission to copy NPG 1596 between 8 October and 21 December 1921.
Footnotesback to top
1) See under Inscriptions for details of labels removed from back of frame and stretcher.
2) AJ, 1883, p.203. Indeed, apart from the droopy moustache, the subject is not immediately recognizable as John Tenniel.
3) Academy, 5 May 1883, p.316.
4) MA, 1883, p.352.
5) Athenaeum, 12 May 1883, pp.6089.
6) Letter from J. Tenniel to E.G. Brown, undated but c.1906-07, collection of Roy Davids, 30 Nov. 2012, cited Bills 2013, n.111, p.159. See also report in The Times, Sale of the Agnew Pictures, 18 Jun. 1906, p.15.
7) In her biography Reynolds implies that the Tenniel commission was painted in 1883; Reynolds 1912, p.226.
8) See All known portraits, By other artists, 1848.
Physical descriptionback to top
Almost half-length to right, head three-quarters to right, looking down slightly, with long greying moustache.
Conservationback to top
Provenanceback to top
The artist; Sir William Agnew, 1st Bt, who bequeathed it to the NPG; entered the Collection March 1911.
Exhibitionsback to top
Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 1883 (89).
Royal Jubilee Exhibition, Manchester, 1887 (409).
Old Masters Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, 1889 (187).
Chicago Exhibition, British Section, Chicago, 1893 (342).
Frank Holl: Emerging from the Shadows, Watts Gallery, Compton, 2013-2014 (24).
Reproductionsback to top
Morris 2005, p.84.
Bills 2013, p.149.