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Mary Thornycroft (née Francis)

1 of 2 portraits of Mary Thornycroft (née Francis)

Mary Thornycroft (née Francis), by Mary Alyce Thornycroft, 1892 -NPG 4065 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Mary Thornycroft (née Francis)

by Mary Alyce Thornycroft
Bronze, 1892
20 1/4 in. (514 mm) high
NPG 4065


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This portraitback to top

Alyce Thornycroft was the sitter’s eldest surviving daughter and a professional painter and sculptor who exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1864.[1] This is one of four recorded portraits of her mother (see ‘All known portraits’), the first being that exhibited at the RA 1872 (976), [2], the second being an oil portrait from 1885, and the third being that at the RA 1890 (2000, ‘My mother; bust’), probably similar to the present work but in marble. One of these portraits was shown at the Victorian Era Exhibition, London, in 1897.

Executed when the sitter was over 80, the bust was probably modelled in clay some time during 1891. It endows her with a more youthful appearance, while also conveying the qualities that led her grandson to describe her as

dignified in the serene consolations of old age … wearing a black silk gown with white ruffles and looking away into the past as though it were somewhere beyond the double windows … and gently remembering the years in which her beautiful hands had been so active in modelling wax and clay. [3]

When offering the work to the NPG, the donor wrote, ‘We are now engaged in the task of settling things in my mother’s house at Turner Close [Hampstead Garden Suburb] and it occurred to me that the N.P.G. might have some interest in a portrait-bust (bronze) of my Grandmother, Mary Thornycroft [who] was, I believe, the first woman sculptor, at any rate in England … Also a good deal of my Grandfather Thomas T.’s work was done in conjunction with Grandmother’. [4]

Dr Jan Marsh

Footnotesback to top

1) Baptized ‘Mary Alyce’, she later reversed the names, and was generally known as Alyce.
2) ‘Mrs Thornycroft by Miss Alyn [sic] Mary Thornycroft, sculptor and painter, 21 Wilton Place’; the medium is not recorded but the exhibit number indicates it fell into the sculpture section.
3) Siegfried Sassoon, The Old Century and Seven More Years, London, 1938, pp.27–8.
4) Letter from Elfrida Manning to Barbara Kay, 1958, NPG RP 4065. The bust was accepted by the Trustees on 26 June 1958 and on 7 Aug. Mrs Manning stated that the work should be recorded as ‘Given by her granddaughter Mrs. W.O. Manning’.

Physical descriptionback to top

Bust, wearing scarf or veil on back of head.

Provenanceback to top

The artist, her brother Hamo, his widow Agatha, her daughter Mrs W.O. (Elfrida) Manning, by whom presented 1958.

Exhibitionsback to top

RA 1892 (1899, as ‘My mother; bronze’).

Possibly also shown at the Victorian Era Exhibition (Women’s Work), London 1897 (97, as ‘the late Mrs Mary Thornycroft’).

View all known portraits for Mary Thornycroft (née Francis)