James Abbott McNeill Whistler

1 portrait of James Abbott McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill Whistler, by Sir Robert Ponsonby Staples, Bt, 1901 -NPG 2188 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

by Sir Robert Ponsonby Staples, Bt
Black, red and grey chalks, with traces of pencil, on paper, 1901
7 1/8 in. x 8 3/4 in. (180 mm x 223 mm) overall
NPG 2188


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Inscriptionback to top

Signed with monogram: ‘S’;
and inscr. lower centre: ‘at Caffee Royal / Regents Street. – 1901. / Whistler. – / R Ponsonby Staples.’

This portraitback to top

In January 1928 Robert Ponsonby Staples [1] approached Viscount Ullswater to try to interest him – as a National Portrait Gallery Trustee – in three of his portrait drawings. Staples was then in his seventies and living in fairly straitened circumstances at Lissan House, Cookstown, Northern Ireland. Although only one drawing was accepted by the trustees, that of Whistler, Staples was grateful for the eight guineas, explaining, ‘I live under most curious circumstances under the Irish Court of Chancery & 50% of my Allowance has to be spent in keeping up a rather large place with several miles of Avenues.’ [2]

Staples recalled that the heads were ‘very rapidly executed’ at the Cafe Royal. [3] It is a late image, and although Whistler appears alert in fact he was declining, as can be seen in photographs of the period. ‘He was never really strong after the autumn of 1900’, wrote Joseph Pennell, ‘and even earlier than this the doctor in London warned his friends that he was failing.’ [4] Staples’s neat little double sketch is not listed in the Whistler iconographies, Gallatin 1918 and Denker 1995.

Staples continued to paint into very old age; in 1928 he sent two exhibits for sale at the Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin (33, 125). He eventually died in 1943, aged ninety, a long-term advocate of ‘fresh air and early barefoot walking’. The contents of his studio were sold by Phillips on 11 June 1991.

Carol Blackett-Ord



Footnotesback to top

1) For further biographical information on R.P. Staples, see Malley 2011; Phillips sale cat., 11 June 1991; and Staples’s portrait of Phil May, NPG 1659.
2) Letters from R.P. Staples to Viscount Ullswater, 26 Jan. 1928, and to H. Hake, 10 May 1928, both NPG RP 2188.
3) Letter from R.P. Staples to H. Hake, 15 Feb. 1928, NPG RP 2188. See also the inscription on the drawing.
4) Pennell & Pennell 1908, vol.2, p.266; and photographs by William Heinemann repr. Denker 1995, fig.5:30. There is no reference to R.P. Staples in Pennell & Pennell 1908.

Physical descriptionback to top

Two heads: (left) head-and-shoulders, full-face, looking to left, monocle in right eye, wearing top hat; (right) head-and-shoulders, profile to right, in top hat.

Conservationback to top

Conserved, 1983.

Provenanceback to top

The artist, from whom purchased, April 1928.

Reproductionsback to top

Repr. NPG, CIC, 2004, p.654.

View all known portraits for James Abbott McNeill Whistler