George Frederic Watts
- Extended catalogue entry
© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Frederic Watts
Painted plaster cast (death mask), 1904
13 1/4 in. (337 mm)
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Inscriptionback to top
This portraitback to top
Watts died on 1 July 1904 at 6 Melbury Road, Kensington, after three weeks suffering from acute pneumonia and a weakened heart. Among his carefully recorded last words were the statement ‘I am not frightened. I don’t believe in the powers of darkness. I believe in the Everlasting Light,’ and the following:
I saw the breath of the Creator acting on nebulous matter so that agitating waves and revolving lines flow from this in all directions, and yet I saw that in all this violence and convulsion there was a restraining Force. The converging lines were evolution and the apparent conflict was a necessary part. Last night I was in one of those spaces where collision had not taken place, all was clear and splendid. Now I see that great Book. I see the great light.’ 
His wife Mary wrote, ‘Can we ever forget his face. So beautiful, spiritual, enraptured.’  In the final hours, Mary read Tennyson’s ‘In Memoriam’ aloud, and Watts called repeatedly on ‘the Messengers of Death’ to come for him. 
On 2 July, the 10th Earl of Wemyss and March, lifelong friend and patron, whom Watts had met in Italy in 1843, instructed sculptor Henry Poole to have casts taken of the artist’s head and hands, and under the supervision of sculptor Alexander Fisher the task was entrusted to a plasterman named Cantoni, whose first name is not known; he may have specialized in death masks, or assisted with the latest amendments to Physical Energy alongside Fisher.  The following day the body lay in state in the studio, and on 4 July was taken to Brookwood Cemetery for cremation.
A second cast is in the Watts Gallery, Compton, together with the cast of Watts’s hand and one of the clasped hands of himself and his wife. The present work appears to be a cast formerly in the possession of his widow and the Watts Gallery.
Dr Jan Marsh
Footnotesback to top
1) Mary Seton Watts Diary, 16–17 June 1904; quoted Gould 2004, p.354.
2) Mary Seton Watts Diary, 19 June 1904; quoted Gould 2004, p.355.
3) Gould 2004, p.355.
4) Gould 2004, p.355. For Poole, see NPG 2480.
Physical descriptionback to top
Face only, after death.
Provenanceback to top
Ronald Chapman; Sotheby’s, 14 Nov. 1979 (161a, provenance given as Watts Gallery Compton); Christopher Wood, from whom purchased 1980.
Reproductionsback to top
Gould 2004, fig.234.
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