Admission free. Donations welcome
Open daily 10:00-18:00. Open late Thursday and Friday until 21:00
Become a Member
© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle
after Samuel Cooperoil on canvas, based on a work of circa 166030 1/8 in. x 25 in. (765 mm x 635 mm)Purchased, 1863NPG 154
Back to main page
Can you tell us more about this portrait? Spotted an error, information that is missing (a sitter’s life dates, occupation or family relationships, or a date of portrait for example) or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have information to share please complete the form below.
If you require information from us, please use our Archive enquiry service. If you wish to license this image, please use our Rights and Images service.
Please note that we cannot provide valuations.
We digitise over 8,000 portraits a year and we cannot guarantee being able to digitise images that are not already scheduled.
17 August 2017, 13:16
Oliver Cromwell's secret weapon: In Edinburgh, in 1650, George Monck was ordered by Cromwell to "Restore order, get people back into the churches and get people trading".
Something that our modern army neglected in the second Iraq war. Beside a successful time as General at Sea, George had a complete power in Scotland based on Cromwell's complete trust. People tell us that Scotland was ruled by a committee of eight in the English Parliament. Shocking! Except for the fact that both James and Charles had also used a committee of eight. People say that the Civil System had broken down, but Baron and Sheriff court records show business as usual. They say that the Ministers of the Church were persecuted, but many had abandoned their flocks and Cromwell had to recruit Ministers from England.
George did exactly what Cromwell ordered, he 'restored order'. He made it that the Insurgents with the King's warrant did not destroy the infrastructure. He made it that the Moss Troopers would be run to ground and their activities, similar to paramilitary groups in Ireland, curtailed. Licensed robbers. So let's not get too involved in the Scottish stories and half truths and look at how Monck, in full obedience to Cromwell's order, saved Britain from years of Civil War and strife.
When Cromwell died, the vultures were circling the weak Protectorate. Armies were being raised in France and even Spain. Generals who had once been faithful to Oliver Cromwell were thinking that they could impose their rule on the British people.
And George Monck knew that he had to fulfil the order. George Monck purged his ranks of the extremists and set out to restore order in England. He did not leave Coldstream to Restore the King. He left Coldstream to restore Order to England.
The Restoration of the King was a by product of the Restoration of Order.
So.... If any Royyals get to read this, I would like to submit that the march from Coldstream to London, not only restored the King, but it also saved Britain from the danger of another set of Civil Wars. The Coldstream Guards should have Honours for that march and the Honours should give them the status as the oldest and most Respected Regiment in the British Army. And those of you who wonder why Oliver Cromwell had left a known Royalist, with Royalist connections, in an insurmountable position in Scotland.... Will have to ask why the Modern Royals have so much to thank Cromwell for?
There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.
How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.
The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.
Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.
If you tick permission to publish your name will appear above your contribution on our website.
Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.
National Portrait Gallery, St Martin's Place, London, WC2H 0HE
Switchboard: +44 (0) 20 7306 0055