Self image: basic materials and techniques (2)

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Pastels
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dainty or daring?
http://...pastel

Materials:
Pastels
Paper
Drawing board
Masking tape
Rag for smudging
Fixative spray
 
 
In the eighteenth century, pastel painting, as it was known, was a popular form of portraiture, John Raphael Smith (1752-1812) was a specialist in the medium, whilst George Percy Jacomb-Hood (1857-1929) was primarily known as a painter, illustrator and etcher.

John Raphael Smith, by John Raphael Smith, circa 1807 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

John Raphael Smith
by John Raphael Smith
circa 1807
NPG 981


George Percy Jacomb-Hood, by George Percy Jacomb-Hood,  - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

George Percy Jacomb-Hood
by George Percy Jacomb-Hood
NPG 6083


Watercolour
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fluid movement

Materials:
Watercolour blocks or tubes
Range of soft brushes
Paper or card
Drawing board
Masking tape
Water pot
Palette for mixing
 

The most significant characteristic of watercolour is its transparent quality. A design or underdrawing can be made using a brush loaded with a thin neutral colour such as an umber, or in light pencil with subsequent washes of colour laid over the top. Colours are thinned with water, the more water added the more transparent the wash will be. Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), the first director of the National Portrait Gallery, is pictured here using this medium.  

Sir George Scharf, by Sir George Scharf, 1872 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir George Scharf
by Sir George Scharf
1872
NPG 3863



Here a other examples of the range of effects that can be achieved through the use of watercolour:
Isaac Oliver, by Isaac Oliver, circa 1590 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Isaac Oliver
by Isaac Oliver
circa 1590
NPG 4852


William Orpen, by Sir William Newenham Montague Orpen, 1910 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

William Orpen
by Sir William Newenham Montague Orpen
1910
NPG 2638


Richard Cosway, by Richard Cosway, circa 1790 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Cosway
by Richard Cosway
circa 1790
NPG 304


Richard Parkes Bonington, by Richard Parkes Bonington, circa 1820-1825 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Parkes Bonington
by Richard Parkes Bonington
circa 1820-1825
NPG 1729


Graham Vivian Sutherland, by Graham Vivian Sutherland, circa 1945-1946 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Graham Vivian Sutherland
by Graham Vivian Sutherland
circa 1945-1946
NPG 5337


Acrylic
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quick drying & versatile  

Materials:
Acrylic paints in tubes or pots
Range of brushes
Paper, card, board
Drawing board or easel
Masking tape
Palette
Water pot
Palette knife for mixing
Pencil for underdrawing
Rags for cleaning brushes
The Meeting, Royal Academy of Arts, by Leonard Rosoman, 1979-1984 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

The Meeting, Royal Academy of Arts
by Leonard Rosoman
1979-1984
NPG 5740


Acrylic paints are made of pigment bound in a synthetic resin and come in tubes or jars. Like watercolours, acrylics are soluble in water and can be thinned to almost transparent consistency and applied as washes or layered as glazes. They also can be used with a small amount of water to achieve a flat opaque surface and even squeezed direct from the tube to build up an impasto effect.
 

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