British picture framemakers, 1610-1950


3rd edition December 2012, researched and written by Jacob Simon (1st edition 2007, 2nd edition 2009). Additional entries by Everleigh Bradford, Lynn Roberts and Edward Town. Selectively updated twice yearly; last updated September 2014.

This online resource is devoted to framemakers and carvers and gilders in Britain. It focuses on suppliers who produced frames for significant artists and patrons or who advertised extensively in art periodicals. Many of these framemakers worked in London but others were based in Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Manchester, Liverpool, Lancaster, Leeds, Norwich, Oxford, Cambridge, Bath, Bristol, Maidstone and Brighton. Other framemakers can be found in the Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840 (1986), Jacob Simon, The Art of the Picture Frame (1996), Laura Houliston, 'Frame Making in Edinburgh 1790-1830', Regional Furniture, vol.13 (1999) and John Stabler, Norfolk Furniture Makers 1700-1840, Regional Furniture Society (2006).

Please send additions and corrections to Jacob Simon at js@npg.org.uk.

Format of individual entries

* entry revised for 3rd edition

** new entry in 3rd edition

Names, addresses, dates, nature of business (note 1)

Business and biographical information, product details, connections with individual artists and patrons, including documented and marked frames (note2)

Sources: for abbreviations see Resources and bibliography

Notes

1. Addresses are taken from annual publications such as trade directories or periodicals except where monthly or daily publications or precisely dated documents are available. Note that many directories, such as Post Office London directories, were prepared towards the end of the year preceding publication so that a supplier may have begun and ended business a year earlier than indicated here. Overlaps and gaps in the date sequence for addresses reflect the availability of evidence. Many streets were renamed and sometimes renumbered in the 19th century and this is indicated in listings.

2. Cross-references to other makers are indicated by adding ‘(qv)’ after the relevant name. ‘New Style’ is used for dates before 1752.

3. If you wish to find a particular collection, artist, frame type or material, you can use a search engine. Enter your search term, followed by site:http://www.npg.org.uk/research/. You can further narrow the results by adding to the search: “British picture framemakers".

Changes in the 3rd edition, 2012

In this 3rd revised and expanded edition, including thirty-five additional makers, information has been incorporated from newly available online sources, including additional early newspapers, additional birth, marriage and death records for London available through the London Metropolitan Archives and for Scotland through ‘Scotland’s People’, apprenticeships for the period 1775-1811, the National Probate Calendar (1858-1966) and Board of Trade records relating to the setting up and liquidation of limited liability companies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The following makers have been added. From the 17th century, Benjamin Davyson, Richard Greenbury, Nicholas Reade, Herman Scholier and Edward Waller, taking the starting point for coverage back to about 1600. From the 18th century, Robert Archer in Oxford, Peter Aubé, William Chisholme, George Coffee, George Durand, Gillow of Lancaster, John and Joseph Overlove, Charles Parman, William Plaistowe, Charles Salmon, John Smart, Gervas Wells and James Wells. From the 19th century, Frank Binning, Frederick Brown, Samuel Coombes, the Finlays in Glasgow, William Henry Freeman, Fricker & Henderson, Charles Goodwin in Maidstone, Edward and Alexander Hasse in Leeds, John Hay, later Hay & Lyall in Aberdeen, Samuel Jennings, John and Edward Piercy, John Pratt, William Saltmarsh, George Hogarth Turner and an unknown framemaker. From the 20th century, Rudolf Lauriks, James Richard Saunders and J.H. Steer.

In March 2014, various entries were updated to reflect information now available from Westminster rate books and London land tax records (see Resources and bibliography). Entries for Balthasar and Tobias Flessiers, William Henry Freeman, Joseph Garbanati, Philip Goyer and William Thomas have been substantially revised. A new entry on Edmund Bates, a Victorian Leeds carver and gilder, picture framemaker and picture dealer has been contributed by Eveleigh Bradford. In September 2014 entries have been revised for Robert Cribb, Abraham Dallain, Joseph Duffour, Thomas Gabb, Matthew Goodricke, Jacob Gosset, Richard Greenbury, Robert Johnson, Daniel Kennedy, Richard Lawrence, Richard, Henry and John Norris, Paul Petit, Polak & Co, John H. Steer, René Stone, Zacharie Taylor, E.J. Uppard and John Vokins.

Acknowledgements

This resource has been compiled by Jacob Simon, with assistance from Lynn Roberts. Particular gratitude goes to Helen Smailes for access to her files and other information on Scottish makers and to Richard Stephens for information on the period 1660-1735 and to his website, The art world in Britain 1660 to 1735. Thanks to Gerry Alabone for details of Tate frames and on the Binning family, Edgar Harden for details of makers’ labels, Dana Josephson and Annette Peach for guidance on Oxford sources and collections, Charles Noble for information on Chatsworth and other collections, Edward Town for information on the early 17th century, and James Yorke for providing access to the V&A Furniture Dept Archive. At the National Portrait Gallery, thanks to many colleagues, especially Richard Hallas and Tim Moreton, also Seraphina Coffmann and Heather Tilley, with voluntary help coming from two curatorial interns, Chloe Evans and Suzanna Walker. Grateful acknowledgements are made to the descendants of various framemakers and to other researchers named in individual entries for information received.