Resources and bibliography

The following resources relate to four online resources, British artists' suppliers, 1650-1950 (3rd edition, October 2011), British picture framemakers, 1600-1950 (3rd edition, October 2012), British picture restorers, 1600-1950 (2nd edition, August 2014) and British bronze sculpture founders and plaster figure makers, 1800-1980 (2nd edition, September 2015). Last updated August 2015.

Business records
Official records
Periodicals and newspapers
Trade cards and catalogues
Websites and digital resources


Multi-authored works are cited in brief by the first author only

Agnew 1967
Geoffrey Agnew, Agnew's 1817-1967, 1967, including app.1 and 2.
1994 Jaynie Anderson, ‘A ‘most improper picture’: transformations of Bronzino's erotic allegory’, Apollo, vol.139, February 1994, pp.19-28.
Asleson 2001
Robyn Asleson and Shelley Bennett, British Paintings at the Huntington, 2001.
Auerbach 1971
Erna Auerbach and C. Kingsley Adams, Paintings and Sculpture at Hatfield House: A Catalogue, 1971.
Avery-Quash 2015 Susanna Avery-Quash, ‘The Art of Conservation II: Sir Charles Eastlake and Conservation at the National Gallery, London’, Burlington Magazine, vol.157, 2015, pp.846-54.
Ayres 1985
James Ayres, The Artist's Craft: A History of Tools, Techniques and Materials, 1985.

Bamford 1983 Francis Bamford, A Dictionary of Edinburgh Wrights and Furniture Makers 1660-1840, in Furniture History, vol.19, 1983.
British Association of Picture Restorers
Barcham Green 1994
Simon Barcham Green, ‘Making Artists’ Papers at Hayle Mill’, in Alison Richmond (ed.), Modern Works, Modern Problems? Conference Papers, papers presented to the Institute of Paper Conservation conference at the Tate Gallery, 1994, pp.32-40.
Barker 2009
Elizabeth E. Barker, ‘Documents relating to Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-97)’, Walpole Society, vol.71, 2009, pp.1-216.
1908 Earl Bathurst, Catalogue of the Bathurst Collection of Pictures, 1908.
Beard 1981
Geoffrey Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England 1660-1820, 1981.
Beattie 1983
Susan Beattie, The New Sculpture, 1983.
Beckett 1964
R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.II Early Friends and Maria Bicknell (Mrs Constable), Suffolk Records Society, vol.4, 1964.
Beckett 1965
R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.III The Correspondence with C.R. Leslie, Suffolk Records Society, vol.8, 1965.
Beckett 1966
R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.IV Patrons, Dealers and Fellow Artists, Suffolk Records Society, vol.10, 1966.
Beckett 1967
R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.V Various Friends..., Suffolk Records Society, vol.11, 1967.
Beckett 1968
R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.VI The Fishers, Suffolk Records Society, vol.12, 1968.
Bennett 1971
Mary Bennett and Edward Morris, The Emma Holt Bequest, Sudley Illustrated Catalogue and History of the House, Liverpool City Council, 1971.
Bennett 1988
Mary Bennett, Artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Circle, The First Generation, Catalogue of Works in the Walker Art Gallery, Lady Lever Art Gallery and Sudley Art Gallery, 1988.
Bennett 2010
Mary Bennett, Ford Madox Brown: A Catalogue Raisonné, 2010.
Bentley 2007
Gerald Eades Bentley, ‘Blake's Heavy Metal: The History, Weight, Uses, Cost, and Makers of His Copper Plates’, University of Toronto Quarterly, vol.76, 2007, pp.714-70.
Bilbey 2002
Diane Bilbey, with Marjorie Trusted, British Sculpture 1470 to 2000: A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum, 2002.
Bills 1999
Mark Bills, in Simon Olding et al, A Victorian Salon: Paintings from the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum, 1999.
Blunt 1979
Anthony Blunt, ‘Petworth Rehung: The Restoration and Rehanging of the Petworth Collection 1952-53’, National Trust Studies 1980, 1979, pp.119-32.
BM Satires
M.D. George, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires... in the British Museum, vols 6-8, 1938-47.
Bottoms 2002
Edward Bottoms,’A Directory of Agents, Buyers and Collectors', in Larissa Dukelskaya and Andrew Moore (eds), A Capital Collection: Houghton Hall and the Hermitage, 2002.
Bower 1990
Peter Bower, Turner’s Papers: A study of the manufacture, selection and use of his drawing papers 1787-1820, Tate Gallery, 1990.
Bower 1999
Peter Bower, Turner’s Later Papers: A study of the manufacture, selection and use of his drawing papers 1820-1851, Tate Gallery, 1999. See alsoPeter Bower, ‘Turner's use of papers and boards as a support for oil sketches', in Exploring Late Turner, exh. cat., Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, New York, 1999, p.61.
Bowness 2011
Sophie Bowness, 'Barbara Hepworth's Studio Practice: Plaster for Bronze', in Sophie Bowness (ed.), Barbara Hepworth: The Plasters. The Gift to Wakefield, 2011.
See Official records,Apprenticeships, above.
Bright 1973
Henry Bright 1810-1873: A Catalogue of Paintings and Drawings in the Collection of Norwich Castle Museum, 1973.
Bristow 1996
Ian C. Bristow, Interior House-Painting Colours and Technology 1615-1840, 1996.
Brockwell 1915
Maurice Brockwell, Catalogue of the Pictures and other Works of Art in the Collection of Lord St Oswald at Nostell Priory, 1915.
Bronkhurst 2006
Judith Bronkhurst, William Holman Hunt: A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols, 2006.
Brooks 1999
Hero Boothroyd Brooks, Practical Developments in English easel-painting conservation, c.1824-1968, from written sources, PhD thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, 1999.
Bryant 2003
Julius Bryant, Kenwood: Paintings in the Iveagh Bequest, 2003.
Bucholz 2006
R.O. Bucholz, Office-Holders in Modern Britain, vol.11, Court Officers, 1660-1837 (revised), 2006, 'The artistic establishment: Painters, Menders and Surveyors of the Pictures', at; ‘Joiner of the Privy Chamber 1660–1782’, at (both accessed August 2015); an expanded online version of J.C. Sainty and R.O. Bucholz, Office-Holders in Modern Britain, vol.11, Officials of the Royal Household 1660-1837, 1997.
Buckeridge 1706
Bainbrigg Buckeridge, An Essay towards an English School of Painters, in Roger de Piles, The Art of Painting, and the Lives of the Painters, 1706.
Bustin 1999
Mary Bustin, ‘Experimental Secrets and Extraordinary Colours’, in Tabitha Barber, Mary Beale: Portrait of a 17th-century painter, her family and her studio, Geffrye Museum, 1999, pp.42-59.
Bustin 2004
Mary Bustin, 'The Rules or Problems of Painting: Gwen John's Later Painting Technique', in David Fraser Jenkins and Chris Stephens (eds), Gwen John and Augustus John, Tate Publishing, 2004.
Butlin 1981
Martin Butlin, ‘Turner’s Late Unfinished Oils: some new evidence for their late date’, Turner Studies, vol.1, no.2, 1981, pp.43-5.
Byam Shaw 1967
J. Byam Shaw, Paintings by Old Masters at Christ Church Oxford, 1967.

Callen 2000 Anthea Callen, The Art of Impressionism: Painting technique & the making of modernity, 2000.
Campbell 2014
Lorne Campbell, National Gallery Catalogues: The Sixteenth Century Netherlandish Paintings, 2014.
Carbone 2006
Teresa A. Carbone et al., American Paintings in the Brooklyn Museum: Artists born by 1876, 2006.
Carlyle 2001
Leslie Carlyle, The Artist's Assistant: Oil Painting Instruction Manuals and Handbooks in Britain 1800-1900 with Reference to Selected Eighteenth-Century Sources, 2001.
Chapel 2008
Jeannie Chapel, ‘The Papers of Joseph Gillott (1799-1872)’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.20, 2008.
Clarke 1981
Michael Clarke, The Tempting Prospect: a social history of English watercolours, 1981.
Clayton 1997
Timothy Clayton, The English Print 1688-1802, 1997.
Clifford 1992
Timothy Clifford, ‘The Plaster Shops of the Rococo and Neo-Classical Era in Britain’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.4, 1992, pp.39-65.
Cline 1978
C.L. Cline, The Owl and the Rossettis: Letters of Charles A. Howell and Dante Gabriel, Christina, and William Michael Rossetti, 1978.
Cobbe 1976
A. Cobbe, ‘Colourmen’s Canvas Stamps as an aid to dating paintings: a classification of Winsor and Newton’s canvas stamps from 1838-1920’, Studies in Conservation, vol.21, 1976, pp.85-94.
Cobbe 1976a
R.A.C. Cobbe, ‘Examination of Modern Paintings: Technical Information received from Artists’, Studies in Conservation, vol.21, 1976, pp.25-33.
Colbourne 2011 Jane Colbourne, A critical survey of the materials and techniques of Charles Henry Sims RA (1873-1928) with special reference to egg tempera media and works of art on paper, doctoral thesis, 2011 (Northumbria University).
Collins 1998
Judith Collins, Eric Gill: The Sculpture‎, A Catalogue Raisonné, 1998.
Colvin 1976
Howard Colvin (ed.), The History of the King's Works, vol.5, 1660-1782, 1976.
Colvin 1982
Howard Colvin (ed.), The History of the King’s Works, vol.4, 1485-1660 (Part II), 1982.
Colvin 2008
Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 4th ed., 2008.
Completing the Picture 1982
Completing the Picture: materials and techniques of twenty-six paintings in the Tate Gallery, Tate Gallery, 1982.
Connell 2007
David Connell, ‘John Anderson and John Bouttats: picture dealers in eighteenth-century London’, in Jeremy Warren and Adriana Turpin (eds), Auctions, Agents and Dealers. The Mechanisms of the Art Market 1660-1830, 2007, pp.113-26.
Constantin 2001
Stéphanie Constantin, ‘The Barbizon Painters: A Guide to their Suppliers’, Studies in Conservation, vol.46, 2001, pp.49-67.
Cove 1991
Sarah Cove, ‘Constable's Oil Painting Materials and Techniques’, in Leslie Parris and I. Fleming-Williams (eds), Constable, Tate Gallery, 1991, pp.493-529.
Crespon-Halotier 2003
Béatrice Crespon-Halotier, Les peintres britanniques dans les salons parisiens des origines à 1939: Répertoire, Dijon, 2003.
Croft-Murray 1962
Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537-1837, vol.1, 1962.
Croft-Murray 1970
Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537-1837, vol.2, 1970.
Culme 1987
John Culme, Directory of Gold and Silversmiths, Jewellers, and Allied Traders, 1838-1914, 1987.
Cunningham 1843
Allan Cunningham, The Life of Sir David Wilkie, 3 vols, 1843.

Daley 2006 Michael Daley, 3-part series on cleaning pictures at the National Gallery in The Jackdaw, ‘You’ll wonder where the yellow went…’, June 2006, pp.20-1; ‘Weaver’s tangled web’, July/August 2006, pp.23-5; ‘Solvent abuse’, September 2006, pp.22-5.
‘Picture Frames’ inPercy Macquoid and Ralph Edwards, Dictionary of English Furniture, vol.3, 2nd ed., 1954, pp.19-34.
Geoffrey Beard and Christopher Gilbert (eds.), Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, 1986.
Diaper 2012
Hilary Diaper, The Sadler Gift, 1923, Stanley & Audrey Burton Gallery, University of Leeds, 2012.
Doran 2006
Victoria Doran, 'Frith's frames and the business of frame-making', in Mark Bills and Vivien Knight, William Powell Frith: Painting the Victorian age, 2006, pp.156-60.
Dorey 1997
Helen Dorey, 'The Historic Framing and Presentation of Watercolours, Drawings and Prints at Sir John Soane's Museum', in Nancy Bell (ed.), Historic Framing and Presentation of Watercolours, Drawings and Prints, Institute of Paper Conservation, 1997.
Dorment 1985
Richard Dorment, Alfred Gilbert, 1985.
Dorment 1986
Richard Dorment, Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor and Goldsmith,, Royal Academy, 1986.
Dunkerton 1980
Jill Dunkerton, ‘Technical Note: Joseph Southall’s Tempera Paintings’, in Joseph Southall 1861-1944 Artist-Craftsman, Birmingham Museums & Gallery, 1980, pp.18-24.

Edmond 1980 Mary Edmond, ‘New Light on the Lives of Miniaturists and Large-scale Portrait-painters working in London in the 16th and 17th Centuries’, Walpole Society, vol.47, 1980.
Edwards 1808
Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters who have resided or been born in England, 1808.
Einberg 2001
Elizabeth Einberg, ‘Catalogue Raisonne of the Works of George Lambert’, Walpole Society, vol.63, 2001.
Elzea 2001
Betty Elzea, Frederick Sandys 1829-1904, Woodbridge, 2001, incl. app.20, ‘Sandys’s frames and framers’, and app.21, ‘Evidence of suppliers of artists’ materials in Sandys’s work’.

Fairbairn 1982
Linda Fairbairn (compiler), Paint & Painting: an exhibition and working studio sponsored by Winsor & Newton to celebrate their 150th anniversary, Tate Gallery, 1982.
K. Cave, K. Garlick and A. MacIntyre (eds), The Diary of Joseph Farington, 16 vols, 1978-84, here referred to by volume and page number.
Fawcett 1974
Trevor Fawcett, The Rise of English Provincial Art: artists, patrons, and institutions outside London, 1800-1830, Oxford, 1974, pp.52-4.
Ferran 2012
Denise Ferran and Valerie Holman, The Sculpture of F.E. McWilliam, 2012, p.85.
Ford 1983
John Ford, Ackermann 1783-1983, the Business of Art, Ackermann, 1983.
Forster 1848
Henry R. Forster, The Stowe Catalogue priced and annotated, 1848.
Foskett 1964
Daphne Foskett, John Smart: The Man and his Miniatures, 1964.
Fox 1992
Celina Fox (ed.), London. World City 1800-1840,, Essen, 1992, pp.328-42.
William E. Fredeman (ed.), The Correspondence of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 2002-10, 9 vols to date, here referred to by letter number.
Frederiksen 2010
Rune Frederiksen and Eckart Marchand (eds), Plaster Casts: Making, Collecting and Displaying from Classical Antiquity to the Present, 2010.

Gage 1980 John Gage (ed.), Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, 1980.
Gage 1989
John Gage, George Field and his Circle: From Romanticism to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1989.
Gage 2001
John Gage, ‘A Romantic Colourman: George Field and British art’, Walpole Society, vol.63, 2001, pp.1-73.
Garnett 2000
Oliver Garnett, 'The Letters and Collection of William Graham: Pre-Raphaelite Patron and Pre-Raphael collector', Walpole Society, vol.62, 2000, pp.145-343.
Getty provenance index
See Business records, Salerooms, above.
Gilbert 1987
Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diary of Alfred Gilbert for 1899, 1987.
Gilbert 1990
Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diaries of Alfred Gilbert for 1900 and 1901, 1990.
Gilbert 1992
Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diaries of Alfred Gilbert between 1890 and 1897, 2 vols, 1992.
Gilbert 1996
Christopher Gilbert, Pictorial Dictionary of Marked London Furniture 1700-1840, 1996.
Goodwin 1966
Michael Goodwin, Artist and Colourman, 1966.
Gott 2007
Ted Gott, Laurie Benson, Sophie Matthiesson et al., Modern Britain 1900-1960: Masterworks from Australian and New Zealand Collections, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 2007.
1996 Antony Griffiths, Landmarks in Print Collecting: Connoisseurs and Donors at the British Museum since 1753, 1996.
Gunnis 1968
Rupert Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, revised ed., 1968.

Hackney 1999
Stephen Hackney, Rica Jones and Joyce Townsend (eds.), Paint and Purpose. A Study of Technique in British Art, Tate Gallery Publishing, 1999. Case studies on British paintings from 1594 to 1958.
Hall 1962
Douglas Hall, 'The Tabley House Papers', Walpole Society, vol.38, 1962, pp.59-122.
Hardie 1967
Martin Hardie, Water-colour Painting in Britain, vol.1, The Eighteenth Century, 1967, 2nd ed, pp.17-24, 31.
Harley 1979
R.D. Harley, ‘Field’s Manuscripts: early 19th-century colour samples and fading tests’, Studies in Conservation, vol.24, 1979, p.81.
Harley 1982
R.D. Harley, Artists’ Pigments c. 1600-1835: A Study in English Documentary Sources, 2nd ed., 1982.
Harley 1987
R.D. Harley, ‘Artists’ Prepared Canvases from Winsor & Newton: 1928-1951’, Studies in Conservation, vol.32, 1987, pp.77-85.
Heal 1972
Ambrose Heal, The London Furniture Makers from the Restoration to the Victorian Era 1660-1840, 1972 reprint, first published 1953.
Hervey 1894
The Diary of John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol. With extracts from his Book of Expenses, 1688 to 1742, 1894.
Hill 1984
David Hill, ‘A Taste for the Arts: Turner and the Patronage of Edward Lascelles of Harewood House’, Turner Studies, vol.4, no.2, 1984, pp.24-33.
Hodgkinson 1995
Ian S. Hodkinson and Deborah M. Child, ‘An 18th-century artist-applied lining: Joseph Wright of Derby's Cut through the Rock at Cromford’, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 1995, vol.34, no.1, pp.33-47 (see
Hoff 1973
Ursula Hoff, National Gallery of Victoria: European Painting and Sculpture before 1800, 3rd ed., 1973.
Houliston 1999
Laura Houliston, 'Frame Making in Edinburgh 1790-1830', Regional Furniture, vol.13, 1999, pp.58-77.
Humfrey 2004
Peter Humfrey, Timothy Clifford, Aidan Weston-Lewis and Michael Bury, The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections,, National Galleries of Scotland, 2004.
Hutchison 1962
Sidney Hutchison, ‘The Royal Academy Schools, 1768-1830’, Walpole Society, vol.38, 1962.

Ingamells 1981
John Ingamells, The Hertford Mawson Letters: The 4th Marquess of Hertford to his agent Samuel Mawson, 1981.
Ingamells 1985
John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.1 British, German, Italian, Spanish, 1985.
Ingamells 1986
John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.2 French 19th-century, 1986.
Ingamells 1989
John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.3 French before 1815, 1989.
Ingamells 1992
John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.4 Dutch and Flemish, 1992.
Ingamells 2000
John Ingamells, The Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 2000.
Ingamells 2004
John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian portraits, 1760-1790, 2004.
Ingamells 2008
John Ingamells, Dulwich Picture Gallery: British, 2008.

Jackson-Stops 1980 Gervase Jackson-Stops, 'Picture Frames at Petworth', Country Life,vol.168, 1980, pp.798-800, 1030-2.
James 1971
Duncan James, ‘Foundries’. Arts Review, vol.23, no.3, 13 February 1971, pp.70-1, 87.
James 1984
Duncan James, A Century of Statues: the History of the Morris Singer Foundry, 1984.
Jarman 1994
Derek Jarman, Chroma. A Book of Colour – June ‘93, 1994.
Jenkins 1990
Ian Jenkins, ‘Acquisition and Supply of Casts of the Parthenon Sculptures by the British Museum, 1835-1939’, Annual of the British School at Athens, vol.85, 1990, pp.89-114.
Jervis 1982
Simon Jervis, ‘Picture Frames and Picture Hanging at Apsley House’, in C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Paintings in the Wellington Museum, 1982, pp.17-20.
Joy 1969
Edward Joy, 'The Royal Victorian Furniture-Makers, 1837-87', Burlington Magazine, vol.111, 1969, pp.677-87.

Katlan 1987
Alexander W. Katlan, American Artists’ Materials Suppliers Directory: Nineteenth Century, New York 1810-1899, Boston 1823-1887, 1987 (supplies by British artists’ colourmen recorded in this book have been selectively noted for dated pictures and those with illustrated stencils).
Katlan 1992
Alexander W. Katlan, American Artists’ Materials. Volume II A Guide to Stretchers, Panels, Millboards, and Stencil Marks, 1992.
Katlan 1999
Alexander Katlan, ‘The American Artist's Tools and Materials for On-site Oil Sketching’, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 1999, vol.38, no.1, pp.21-32, see
Kauffmann 1982
C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Paintings in the Wellington Museum, 1982.
Kirkham 1969
P.A. Kirkham, ‘Samuel Norman: a study of an eighteenth-century craftsman’, Burlington Magazine, 1969, vol.111, pp.501-13.
Kollmann 2000
Stefanie Kollmann, Niederländische Künstler und Kunst im London des 17.Jahrhunderts, 2000.
Kornhauser 1996
Elizabeth Kornhauser, American Paintings before 1945 in the Wadsworth Atheneum, 1996.
Kosek 1998
Joanna M. Kosek, ‘The Heyday of Pastels in the 18th century’, The Paper Conservator, vol.22, 1998, pp.1-9.
Krill 2002
John Krill, English Artists’ Paper: Renaissance to Regency, Oak Knoll Press and Winterthur Museum, 2nd ed., 2002.

Labreuche 2004 Pascal Labreuche, ‘Les fournisseurs Parisiens des toiles et chassis des années 1800 à 1880: une étude à partir de peintures conservées au Musée Condé’,Le Musée Condé, no.61, December 2004, pp.35-56.
Larsen 2009
Ute Larsen, ‘Primarily a water colourist? The materials and techniques of Frances Hodgkins’ watercolour and gouache works on paper’, Journal of the Institute of Conservation, vol. 32, no.1, March 2009, pp.3-14.
Leach 1973
Cathy Leach, ‘19th Century Prepared Artists’ Canvases’, Antique Collecting, July 1973, pp.2-4.
Leeds 1992
Leeds City Art Galleries and Jessica Rutherford, Country House Lighting 1660-1890, Temple Newsam Country House Studies no.4, Leeds, 1992.
Lees 2012
Sarah Lees (ed.), Nineteenth-century European Paintings at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2 vols, 2012.
Leslie 1865
Charles Robert Leslie and Tom Taylor, Life and Times of Sir Joshua Reynolds: with notices of some of his contemporaries, 1865.
Lippincott 1983
Louise Lippincott, Selling Art in Georgian London: The Rise of Arthur Pond, 1983.
Lippincott 1991
Louise Lippincott, ‘Arthur Pond's Journal of Receipts and Expenses, 1734-50’, Walpole Society, vol.54, 1991, pp.220-333.
Lister 1974
Raymond Lister (ed.), The Letters of Samuel Palmer, 2 vols, 1974.
Lowry 2001
Kate Lowry, ‘A Technical Note on Brett’s Paintings’, in John Brett: A Pre-Raphaelite on the shores of Wales, National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff, 2001, pp.38-41.
Lugt 1921
Frits Lugt, Les marques de collections de dessins & d’estampes, 1921.
Lugt 1938
Frits Lugt, Répertoire des catalogues de ventes publiques, 4 vols, 1938-1987.

McClure 1998 Ian McClure, ‘History of Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings in Great Britain’, in Kathleen Dardes & Andrea Rothe (eds), The Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings, Getty Conservation Institute, 1998.
McClure 2001 Ian McClure, “’This Picture will come out gloriously”: The Restoration of the Portrait of Richard II’ in New Offerings, Ancient Treasures: Studies in Medieval Art for George Henderson, ed. Paul Binski et al., 2001, pp.457-77.
Mannings 2000
David Mannings, Sir Joshua Reynolds: a complete catalogue of his paintings, 2000.
Martin 2005
Gregory Martin, Rubens: the ceiling decoration of the Banqueting Hall, Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, pt. 15, 2005.
Mason 1992
Pippa Mason, ’The Picture Frames’, in Tessa Murdoch (ed.), Boughton House: The English Versailles, 1992, pp.90-5.
Maxted 1977
Ian Maxted, The London Book Trades, 1775-1800: a preliminary checklist of members, Folkestone, 1977. See also Websites and digital resources, above.
Mayer 2011
Lance Mayer and Gay Myers, American Painters on Technique: The Colonial Period to 1860, 2011.
Miles 1981
Hamish Miles, Fourteen Small Pictures by Wilkie,, Fine Art Society, London, 1981.
Miles 1994
Hamish Miles, Sir David Wilkie 1785-1841,, Richard L. Feigen & Co, London, 1994.
Millar 1955
Oliver Millar, ‘Notes on British Painting from Archives: III’, Burlington Magazine, vol.97, 1955, pp.255-6.
Millar 1963
Oliver Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and early Georgian pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1963.
Millar 1968
Oliver Millar, ‘Van Dyck in London’, Burlington Magazine, vol.110, 1968, pp.307-8.
Millar 1969
Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1969.
Millar 1977
Oliver Millar, The Queen’s Pictures, 1977.
Millar 1991
Oliver Millar, ‘Caring for The Queen’s Pictures: Surveyors Past and Present’, in Christopher Lloyd, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collectors through the Centuries, 1991, pp.14-27.
Millar 1992
Oliver Millar, The Victorian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, Cambridge, 1992.
Millar 1995
Oliver Millar, 'Artists and Craftsmen in the service of Sir Stephen Fox and his family', Burlington Magazine, vol.137, 1995, pp.518-28.
Minet 1921
William and Susan Minet, ‘Registers of the Church of Le Carre and Berwick Street 1690-1788’, Publications of the Huguenot Society of London, vol.25, 1921.
Mitchell 1990
Paul Mitchell, ‘Wright’s Picture Frames’, in Judy Egerton, Wright of Derby,, Tate Gallery, 1990, pp.272-88.
Mitchell & Roberts 1996
Paul Mitchell & Lynn Roberts, Frameworks: Form, Function & Ornament in European Portrait Frames, 1996.
Mitchinson 1998
David Mitchinson and others, Celebrating Moore: Works from the collection of the Henry Moore Foundation, 1998
1985 Andrew Moore, The Norwich School of Artists, Norfolk Museums Service and HMSO, 1985.
Morgan 2008
Sarah Morgan et al., ‘Canvas and its preparation in early twentieth-century British paintings’, in Joyce H. Townsend et al., Preparation for Painting: The Artist’s Choice and its Consequences, 2008, pp.132-40.
Moriarty 2013 Catherine Moriarty, Making Melbourne's Monuments: The Sculpture of Paul Montford, 2013.
Morris 1994
Edward Morris, Victorian & Edwardian Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery: British artists born after 1810 excluding the early Pre-Raphaelites, 1994.
Morris 1996
Edward Morris, Victorian & Edwardian Paintings in the Walker Art Gallery and at Sudley House, British artists born after 1810 but before 1861, 1996.
Morris & Stevens 2013
Edward Morris and Timothy Stevens, History of the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool 1873-2000, 2013, chapter 10 on conservation, pp.224-45.
Muller 1994
Norman Muller, ‘Addendum: Conservator’s Note’, Record of The Art Museum Princeton University, vol.53, no.1, 1994, pp.33-5 (on paintings by Sir George Hayter).
Murdoch 1985
Tessa Murdoch (ed.), The Quiet Conquest. The Huguenots 1685 to 1985,, Museum of London, 1985.
Murdoch 1997-8
Tessa Murdoch, 'Jean, René and Thomas Pelletier, a Huguenot family of carvers and gilders in England 1682-1726', Burlington Magazine, vol.139, 1997, pp.732-42, vol.140, 1998, pp.363-74

Newall 2004 Christopher Newall, The Poetry of Truth: Alfred William Hunt and the art of landscape, Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2004.
Newbery 2002
Timothy Newbery, Frames and Framings in the Ashmolean Museum, 2002.
Noel-Paton 1990
M.H. Noel-Paton and J.P. Campbell, Noel Paton 1821-1901, 1990.
Norman 2009
Mark Norman, ‘The history of conservation in the Ashmolean’, The Ashmolean, no.56, spring 2009, pp.21-3.
Nunn 2009
Catherine Nunn, 'The conservation history of an eighteenth-century collection: caring for the pictures of the Foundling Hospital', Journal of the Institute of Conservation, vol.32, 2009, pp.233-47.
Nygren 2013 Edward Nygren, ‘James Ward, RA (1769-1859): Papers And Patrons’, Walpole Society, vol.75, 2013.

Oddy 2001 Andrew Oddy and Sandra Smith (eds), Past Practice – Future Prospect, The British Museum Occasional Paper No. 145, 2001.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 60 vols, 2004.
Ormsby 2005
Bronwyn A. Ormsby, Joyce H. Townsend, Brian W. Singer and John R. Dean, ‘British Watercolour Cakes from the Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century’, Studies in Conservation, vol.50, 2005, pp.45-66 [note: the dating of some of the early watercolour cakes is subject to review].

Parris 1975 Leslie Parris, Conal Shields and Ian Fleming-Williams, John Constable: Further Documents & Correspondence, 1975.
Patents for Inventions
Patents for Inventions. Abridgements of Specifications. Class 11, Artists’ Instruments and Materials, various parts covering the period 1855-1930, HMSO, 1893-1931.
Payne 2007
John Payne, Framing in the Nineteenth Century: Picture Frames 1837-1935, National Gallery of Victoria, 2007.
Payne 2014 John Payne, ‘What's in a frame : The borders of Mortimer Menpes’, in Julie Robinson, The World of Mortimer Menpes: painter, etcher, raconteur, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, 2014, pp.182-5, 236-9.
Pears 1988
Iain Pears, The Discovery of Painting: The Growth of Interest in the Arts in England, 1680-1768, 1988.
Pearson 1989 Fiona Pearson, ‘George Mancini: Bronze Caster’, in Scotland & Italy. Papers presented at the fourth annual conference of the Scottish Society for Art History, 1989, pp.124-31.
Penny 1986
Nicholas Penny, 'Reynolds and Picture Frames', Burlington Magazine, vol.128, 1986, pp.810-25.
Penny 1992
Nicholas Penny, Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum, 1540 to the present day, vol.III, British, 1992.
Penny 2004
Nicholas Penny, National Gallery Catalogues: The 16th Century Italian Paintings, vol.1, Paintings from Bergamo, Brescia and Cremona, 2004.
Penny 2008
Nicholas Penny, National Gallery Catalogues: The 16th Century Italian Paintings, vol.2, Venice 1540-1600, 2008.
Phillips 2004
Michael Phillips, 'The Printing of Blake's America a Prophecy', Print Quarterly, vol. 21, 2004.
Piper 1963
David Piper, Catalogue of 17th-century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1963.
Pontifex 1977
Claud E.C. Pontifex, The Family of Pontifex of West Wycombe, Co. Buckingham, 1500-1977, 1977
Proudlove 1988
Cathy Proudlove, ‘The Early Norwich Artists: their techniques and the Dutch Example’, in Andrew W. Moore, Dutch and Flemish Painting in Norfolk, 1988, pp.151-6.
Proudlove 1996
Cathy Proudlove, ‘London Artists’ Colourmen. Part I: A to D’, The Picture Restorer, no.10, autumn 1996.
Public Sculpture
A series of volumes, Public Sculpture of Britain, published by Liverpool University Press from 1997, with the aim of forming a full survey of public sculpture nationwide:

Public Sculpture of Birmingham, 1998, by George Noszlopy, ed. Jeremy Beach.
Public Sculpture of Bristol
, 2011, by Douglas Merritt, Francis Greenacre and Katharine Eustace.
Public Sculpture of Cheshire and Merseyside (excluding Liverpool)
, 2012, by Edward Morris and Emma Roberts.
Public Sculpture of
Glasgow, 2002, by Raymond McKenzie.
Public Sculpture of Herefordshire, Shropshire and Worcestershire
, 2010, by George Noszlopy and Fiona Waterhouse.
Public Sculpture of
Leicestershire and Rutland, 2000, by Terry Cavanagh, intro. Alison Yarrington.
Public Sculpture of
Liverpool, 1997, by Terry Cavanagh.
Public Sculpture of
City of London, 2003, by Philip Ward-Jackson.
Public Sculpture of Historic Westminster
, vol.1, 2012, by Philip Ward-Jackson.
Public Sculpture of
South London, 2007, by Terry Cavanagh.
Public Sculpture of Outer South and West London
, 2011, by Fran Lloyd, Helen Potkin and Davina Thackara.
Public Sculpture of
Greater Manchester, 2003, by Terry Wyke.
Public Sculpture of Norfolk and Suffolk
, 2013, by Richard Cocke.
Public Sculpture of
North-East England, 2000, by Paul Usherwood, Jeremy Beach and Catherine Morris.
Public Sculpture of Sheffield and South Yorkshire, 2015, by Christopher T. Goldie, David Ball, Elizabeth Norman and Darcy White.
Public Sculpture of
Staffordshire and the Black Country, 2005, by George Noszlopy and Fiona Waterhouse.
Public Sculpture of Sussex, 2014, by Jill Seddon, Peter Seddon and Anthony McIntosh.
Public Sculpture of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull,
2003,by George Noszlopy.

Ramsay bank account Bank account of Allan Ramsay at Coutts & Co (see National Portrait Gallery Archive, NOA Ramsay for further details).
Ranise 2007
Giovanna Brambilla Ranise, La Raccolta Dimezzata: Storia della Dispersione della Pinacoteca di Guglielmo Lochis (1789-1859), 2007.
Ratuszniak 2013
Annette Ratuszniak (ed.), Elizabeth Frink. Catalogue Raisonné of Sculpture 1947-93, 2013, p.192.
Renne 2011
Elizaveta Renne, State Hermitage Museum Catalogue. Sixteenth- to nineteenth-century British painting, 2011.
Reynolds 1960
Graham Reynolds, Catalogue of the Constable Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1960.
Reynolds 1984
Graham Reynolds, The Later Paintings and Drawings of John Constable, 1984.
Roscoe 2009
Ingrid Roscoe, A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851, 2009.
Ruhemann 1968
Helmut Ruhemann, The Cleaning of Paintings, 1968.
Runeberg 2005
Ulrik Runeberg, ‘Immigrant Picture Restorers of the German-speaking World in England from the 1930s to the Post-war Era’, in Shulamith Behr and Marian Malet (eds), Arts in Exile in Britain 1933-1945. Politics and Cultural Identity (Yearbook of the Research Centre for German and Austrian Exile Studies, vol.6), Amsterdam, 2005, pp.339-71.
Russell 1989
Francis Russell, ‘The Derby Collection (1721-1735)’, Walpole Society, vol.53, 1989, pp.143-80.
Russell 2012
J.E. Russell, B.W. Singer, J.J. Perry, and A. Bacon, ‘Investigation of the materials found in the studio of Francis Bacon (1909-1992)’, Studies in Conservation, vol.57, 2012, pp.195-206.

Schaefer 2008 Iris Schaefer, Caroline von Saint-George and Katja Lewerentz, Painting Light: The hidden techniques of the Impressionists, 2008.
Scott Thomson 1937
Gladys Scott Thomson, Life in a Noble Household 1641-1700, 1937.
Shearman 1983
John Shearman, The Early Italian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1983.
Silber 1986
Evelyn Silber, The Sculpture of Epstein with a complete catalogue, 1986.
Silber 1996
Evelyn Silber, Gaudier-Brzeska: Life and Art, 1996.
Silber 2012
Evelyn Silber, 'The Leicester Galleries and the promotion of modernist sculpture in London, 1902-1975', Sculpture Journal, vol.21.2, 2012, pp.131-44.
Simon 1994
Jacob Simon, 'Allan Ramsay and Picture Frames’, Burlington Magazine, vol.136, 1994, pp.444-55.
Simon 1996
Jacob Simon, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, National Portrait Gallery, 1996.
Simon 1997
Jacob Simon, 'A note on Arthur Melville (1855-1904) and picture frames', Museum Management and Curatorship, vol.16, 1997, pp.427-33.
imon 1998Jacob Simon, 'The production, framing and care of English pastel portraits in the eighteenth century', The Paper Conservator, vol.22, 1998, pp.10-20.
Simon 2003
Jacob Simon, Thomas Johnson's The Life of the Author, Furniture History Society, 2003, also published in Furniture History, vol.29, 2003, pp.1-64.
Sitwell 1990
Christine Sitwell, 'Gluck and the quality of artists' materials: The Suede Effect', in Appearance, Opinion, Change: evaluating the look of paintings, United Kingdom Institute for Conservation, 1990, pp.42-4.
Sitwell 1998
Christine Sitwell, 'Approach to Restoration in English Country Houses', in Christine Sitwell and Sarah Staniforth (eds.), Studies in the History of Painting Restoration, 1998, pp.129-138.
Sizer 1950
Theodore Sizer, The Works of Colonel John Trumbull, 1950, pp.100-5.
Sloman 2002
Susan Sloman, Gainsborough in Bath, 2002.
Smith 1988
Sheenah Smith, Horatio McCulloch 1805-1867,, Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, 1988.
J.C. Smith
J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 4 vols, 1878-83.
Souhami 2000
Diana Souhami, Gluck 1895-1978: Her Biography, 2000.
Stabler 2006
John Stabler, Norfolk Furniture Makers 1700-1840, Regional Furniture Society, 2006, also published as Regional Furniture, vol.20, 2006.
Staples 1984
Peter J. Staples, with Don Pavey, The Artists’ Colourmen’s Story. A guide to the history of artists’ colourmen of London as illustrated in the artists’ colourmen’s room at the Winsor & Newton Colour Works at Wealdstone, Reckitt & Colman, 1984.
Stewart 2000
Miriam Stewart and Kerry Schauber, ‘Catalogue of Sketchbooks and Albums by John Singer Sargent at the Fogg Art Museum’, Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, vol.7, no.1, 2000.
Strickland 1913
Walter G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists, 2 vols, 1913.
Sullivan 2005
M.G. Sullivan and Emma Hardy, 'Compendium of British bronzes 1660-1851 from the Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain 1660-1851 edited by Ingrid Roscoe', Sculpture Journal, vol.14, 2005, pp.93-150.
Sung 2009
Mei-Ying Sung, William Blake and the Art of Engraving, 2009.
Surtees 1981
Virginia Surtees (ed.), The Diary of Ford Madox Brown, 1981.

Talley 1981M.Kirby Talley, Portrait Painting in England: Studies in the Technical Literature before 1700, Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 1981.
Talley 1986
M. Kirby Talley, “ ‘All Good Pictures Crack’: Sir Joshua Reynolds’s practice and studio“, pp.55-70, in Nicholas Penny (ed.), Reynolds, Royal Academy of Arts, 1986.
Thomson 1997
Duncan Thomson, Raeburn: The Art of Sir Henry Raeburn 1756-1823,, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 1997.
Torchia 1998
Robert Wilson Torchia et al., American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, vol.2, National Gallery of Art, 1998.
Town 2014
Edward Town, ‘A Biographical Dictionary of London Painters, 1547-1625’, Walpole Society, vol.76, 2014.
Townsend 1993
Joyce Townsend, Turner's Painting Techniques, Tate Gallery, 1993.
Townsend 1994
Joyce H. Townsend, ‘The Materials and Techniques of J.M.W. Turner: Primings and Supports, Studies in Conservation, vol.39, 1984, pp.145-53.
Townsend 2003
Joyce H. Townsend (ed.), William Blake: The Painter at Work, Tate Publishing, 2003.
Townsend 2004
Joyce H. Townsend, Jacqueline Ridge and Stephen Hackney, Pre-Raphaelite Painting Techniques, Tate, 2004.

Uwins 1858 Sarah Uwins, A Memoir of Thomas Uwins, R.A., 1858.

Vertue ‘Vertue Note Books’, Walpole Society, 1930-55, here referred to by volume and page number.

Walker 1985 Richard Walker, Regency Portraits. National Portrait Gallery, 1985.
Walker 1988
Richard Walker, A Catalogue of paintings, drawings, engravings and sculpture in the Palace of Westminster compiled during 1959-77, vol.3, part 4, 1988 (photocopy of typescript, 8 copies, available at National Portrait Gallery, London Library and Courtauld Institute of Art).
’s Correspondence W.S. Lewis et al. (eds), The Yale Edition of Horace Walpole’s Correspondence, 48 vols, 1937-83.
Waterfield 1995
Giles Waterfield et al., Conserving Old Masters: Paintings recently restored at Dulwich Picture Gallery,, Dulwich Picture Gallery, 1995.
Waterhouse 1981
Waterhouse, The Dictionary of British 18th Century Painters in Oils and Crayons, 1981.
Waterhouse 1988
Ellis Waterhouse, The Dictionary of British 16th and 17th Century Painters in Oils and Crayons, 1988.
Webb 1996
Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Tylers' & Bricklayers' Company 1612-44, 1668-1800, vol.2, 1996.
Webb 1998
Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers’ Company 1693-1837, vol.15, 1998.
Webb 2003
Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Painter-Stainers’ Company 1655, 1666-1800, vol.38, 2003.
Wedd 2001
Kit Wedd, with Lucy Peltz and Cathy Ross, Creative Quarters: the art world in London from 1700 to 2000, Museum of London, 2001.
Westwood 2011
K.J. Westwood, Thomas Sidney Cooper, C.V.O., R.A., His Life and Work, 2011.
Whitaker 2012
Lucy Whitaker, ‘”Preparing a handsome picture frame to pattern chosen by HRH The Prince”: Prince Albert frames his collection’, in Victoria & Albert: Art & Love, essays from a study day held at the National Gallery, 2010, published online, 2012, at,
Whitley 1928
William T. Whitley, Artists and their Friends in England 1700-1799, 2 vols, 1928, especially vol.1, pp.329-36, vol.2, pp.360-3.
Whitley 1928(1)
William T. Whitley, Art in England 1800-1820, 1928.
Whitley 1930
William T. Whitley, Art in England 1821-1837, 1930.
Whitley 1931
William T. Whitley, ‘Relics of Turner’, Connoisseur, vol.88, 1931, p.198.
Wildman 1995
Stephen Wildman, Visions of Love and Life: Pre-Raphaelite Art from the Birmingham Collection, England, Alexandria, Virginia, 1995.
Williamson 1921 George Williamson, The Miniature Collector: A Guide for the amateur collector of portrait miniatures, 1921.
Wood 1994
Jeremy Wood, 'Van Dyck and the Earl of Northumberland: Taste and Collecting in Stuart England', in Van Dyck 350, ed. Susan J. Barnes and A.K. Wheelock, Studies in the History of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, vol.46, 1994, pp.309-10.
Woodcock 1995
Sally Woodcock, ‘The Roberson Archive: content and significance’, in Arie Wallert et al, Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice: preprints of a symposium University of Leiden, 1995, pp.30-7.
Woodcock 1996
Sally Woodcock, ‘Leighton and Roberson: an artist and his colourman’, Burlington Magazine, vol.138, 1996, pp.526-8.
Woodcock 1997
Sally Woodcock (ed.) with Judith Churchman, Index of Account Holders in the Roberson Archive 1820-1939, Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge, 1997. See index to the Roberson Archive.
Woodcock 1998
Sally Woodcock, ‘Posing, Reposing and Decomposing: Life-size Lay Figures, Living Models and Artists’ Colourmen in Nineteenth Century London’, in Erma Hermens (ed.), Looking Through Paintings, Leids Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek, vol.11, 1998, pp.445-64.

Yarrington 1994 Alison Yarrington, Ilene D. Lieberman, Alex Potts and Malcolm Baker. ‘The Ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey, R.A., at the Royal Academy, 1809-1841’, Walpole Society, vol.56, 1994.

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