What do we know about the artist?
It has been suggested that this portrait may have been painted by more than one hand. This is because there are differences in the painting style of several areas. For example, the chain and pendant of the Golden Fleece, passages of the hair and parts of the costume are painted with subtlety and skill, whilst the eyes and face lack definition.
The work was once considered to have been painted by an artist called Master Michiel Sittow who had been the court painter for Margaret of Austria, but this has now been discounted. The painting style however indicates the picture is by a Flemish artist. The artist may have been either resident in England or a Netherlandish artist who was commissioned by the agent of Maximillian I to travel to England with him and make the portrait.