W.H. Auden


W.H. Auden, by James Soame, 1926 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

W.H. Auden
by James Soame
1926
NPG P417

Issue 22
Taken from the Face to Face newsletter

W.H. Auden, one of the finest and most diverse poets of the twentieth century. The third son of a doctor and a missionary nurse, Wystan Hugh Auden grew up in Solihull, Birmingham, and described his early advantages as ‘good genes and good education’. His initial intention to become a mining engineer was inspired by a childhood obsession with lead mining machinery and he only recognised his true vocation when a school friend asked him casually, ‘Tell me, do you write poetry?’

As an undergraduate at Oxford, Auden devoted more time to poetry than to his studies, and his first collection of poems was published privately by fellow student Stephen Spender in 1928. An informal photograph taken by Auden’s brother that year shows the young poet smoking a pipe with an air of studied nonchalance. By the end of the 1930s, he was hailed as the leader of a new group of young writers, and was photographed with Spender and Christopher Isherwood by Howard Coster.

Captivated by America during a brief trip to New York eight years before, Auden became a US citizen in 1946. Subsequent portraits by American photographers are distinctly glamorous: posing to Irving Penn for Vogue, and for Richard Avedon, strolling through a New York snowstorm.

Cecil Beaton was unique in capturing Auden’s transition from youth to old age. He photographed the poet over three decades, each time repeating or reflecting Auden’s image. The smooth, youthful face, which Auden unfavourably compared to ‘an egg upon a plate’, developed into the well-known lined and craggy older visage.

Rosie Broadley
Assistant Curator