Rule, Britannia! Frederick, Prince of Wales and Music in the 18th Century
Past beyond the gallery archive
1 March 2011 - 7 February 2012
'The Music Party'
by Philip Mercier
The eighteenth century gave us some of the most famous pieces of classical music in Britain. Frederick Prince of Wales (1707–51) was central to this phenomenon. Arriving in England from his native Germany in 1728, Frederick was an enthusiastic and talented musician. He also supported a variety of London's musicians, promoted the British taste for both Italian opera and English anthems, and helped establish Britain as a centre of progressive music and patronage. In so doing, the Prince of Wales attempted to forge an identity for himself that was not only cultured and patriotic but distinctly British, thus distancing himself from his German heritage.
This display explores Frederick as a musician and patron who was responsible for some of the eighteenth century’s most memorable operas and anthems, including the patriotic song Rule, Britannia!.
Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs
Test your memory by playing our matching pairs game. Three levels of difficulty make it fun for the whole family.
Regency familiar faces
Rearrange tiles to uncover sitters from the Gallery's Collection by playing our puzzle game.
Who do you think you were?
Answer a few lifestyle questions about the Elizabethan period and discover your inner Elizabethan!
- King Alfred ('The Great')
- Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanora
- Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
- Thomas Augustine Arne
- Princess Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttell
- Francesco Bernardi ('Senesino')
- Carlo Broschi ('Farinelli')
- Princess Caroline Elizabeth
- Edward Augustus, Duke of York and Albany
- Princess Elizabeth Caroline
- Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales
- Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
- John Gay
- King George III
- George Frideric Handel
- Prince William Henry, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh