In February, I spent a fascinating morning with the residents of a Gypsy and Traveller’s site in Buckinghamshire. The visit was part of my quest to find out more about Laura Knight’s portraits in preparation for the Gallery’s forthcoming exhibition. In the late 1930s, Knight made a remarkable series of paintings of English Gypsies, but very little is known about the individuals depicted. Given that they posed within living memory, I felt certain that the sitters would have descendents who might help us learn more about these portraits and their subjects. 

If it were not for her wonderfully vivid second autobiography The Magic of a Line (1965), my research could have stalled for want of clues. Knight gave these portraits vague titles including; ‘The Gypsy’ and ‘Old Gypsy Woman’, but her book describes the regular visits she made to the Gypsy settlement in Iver, Buckinghamshire, and her favourite sitter; the matriarchal Granny Smith. With the assistance of the local authority liaison officer, I obtained an invitation to a permanent site near Iver, where older members of the community recognised Knight’s sitters through reproductions I had sent in advance.

During my visit I heard about the Gypsy lifestyle in the 1930s, when painted wagons still prevailed, and also reminiscences of the Smith family: Lilo Smith, called ‘Granny’, Gilderoy, one of her nine sons, and the enigmatic Freedom, wife of Lilo’s son Harry, whom Knight chose to name ‘Beulah’. A happy coincidence occurred several months later when Lilo’s great-grandson contacted the Your Paintings website (a joint initiative of the Public Catalogue Foundation and the BBC) to tell them that ‘The Gypsy’ shows his great-uncle Gilderoy. The painting is in the Tate collection, and they put him in touch with me.  A keen researcher of his family history, Mr Smith provided more precise dating and additional anecdotes about Knight’s sitters and her painting practice at this time. It seems that this group of portraits have never been shown together before, and I can’t wait to see the family reunited.

Old Gypsy Woman, 1938, oil on canvas, Private Collection
The Gypsy, 1939, oil on canvs, Tate: Presented by the Trustees of the Chantrey Bequest, 1939
Beulah No.2, late 1930s, Ronnie and Anne Linton.  Image: courtesy of Bonhams.

The Gypsy' by Laura Knight, which is a portrait of Guilderoy Smith, is in the collection of the Tate, and we recommend you contact Tate shop if require an image of this painting.  'Gypsy Splendour', a portrait of Lilo Smith, is in the collection of the Nottingham Castle Museum and, at the time of writing, postcards were available from the museum shop.  The portraits 'Beulah' (showing Freedom Smith) and 'Granny Smith' are in private collections.

Image credits (from left to right)

Old Gypsy Woman, 1938, oil on canvas, Private Collection

The Gypsy, 1939, oil on canvas, Tate: Presented by the Trustees of the Chantrey Bequest, 1939

Beulah No.2, late 1930s, Ronnie and Anne Linton.  Image: courtesy of Bonhams.

All works are © reproduced with permission of The Estate of Dame Laura Knight DBE RA RWS 2013 (All Rights Reserved).  All images are credited to the lender unless otherwise stated.


Got something to say?

John Hagger

15 February 2018, 15:52

Hi my name is John.
I'm Emailing you about the Dame Laura paintings Gildroy & Rose Smith is the mother & father of my grandfather Christopher Smith Known as Willy there are 3 paintings with my mum's brother Gildroy in them and 2 or 3 with my Granny my mum's mum Mary Ann Smith nee Smith from another lot of Smith Family her Father was Sefton Smith & her mother was Phoebe Roberts.
The Painting's are of the Two Smith Family's & The Loveridges that's Smith Loveridge & Loveridge Smith where there all married in & other family's that's married in.
I can send you the pictures that's of my uncle & my granny.
My granny use to tell me the story's of Dame Laura Knight & the paintings & said Dame Laura Knight was a lovely lady.
Hope to here from you soon.

Thanks Regards John.

Paul Wheatcroft

31 January 2018, 12:22

I love this tale of Laura Knight's subjects. Gilderoy's portrait by Laura is probably my favourite painting. I have done street portraits here in Bristol and in my view there is nothing so wonderful to draw and paint as the face of an older human, woman or man.

Thank you so much for all your work researching these facts. I loved the Laura Knight exhibition.

Best wishes.

Paul Wheatcroft

Sarah Jane

14 July 2015, 07:40

Freedom smith was my nans mother would love if any off my family got any pics of me nan when she was younger Annie smith who married joe smith they had my aunt diggy Shirley smith me mum Rita smith me uncle joe boy smith me aunt Taney smith.


25 February 2015, 01:19

Hello could someone let me know how i might get in touch with the Author of this Blog So i may there fore contact the Mr Smith that she spoke with as it seems that he is a Relative of mine and would love to get in touch as i am Keen to find out More About my Grand fathers dad Gildroy who sat for this painting on this website, please contact me at i would also love to know where i could visit and see these wonderful paintings please if anyone can help , Thanks Mark Smith Langley near Iver Bucks

Mark smith

25 February 2015, 00:39

Hello my Granfa name was Chummy (Rueben ) smith his dad was gildroy smith , my dad is mark smith his twin brother is Gilbert smith and has another brother Luke and 2 sisters Lally and Annie , so that make Old Gilroy smith my great grandad my middle name is gilbert and should have been Gildroy but i was told thats what they called him , i can rememebr my old granny rose when i was little growing up on mansion lane in Iver bucks , these paintings are something else Brilliant

Rita Smith

31 January 2015, 16:47

LILO smith daughter was my mum my mum was called Annie smith sisters was called Rosina and emy brother called standley my mother married joe smith kids called Rita smith Taney smith Shirley smith joe smith Maria smith.

Rita smith family member

31 January 2015, 16:36

This painting is my nans mother my mums grandmother my mum is Rita smith email me thank you


21 December 2014, 22:40

My grandfarther was liberty smith = the sick gipsy Iv got a foto of him and his brother teddy smith and old ben cooper and my farther Harry smith as a boy of about 3 the foto is about 1921 with a waggon in the back ground when luara knight done his portrate she came back the nest day but he had passed away over night his farther was old gildroy smith of leonerdstanley gloster he died in about 1928 and is beried in leonardstanley church he told me a lot of storys of him and my grandfarther liberty smith I have a foto of old gildroy smith making pegs about 1900 my farther used to talk to me about a drawing she gave to my dads sister houdy= hilder loverge her married name sadly it was destroyed over time when my farther deid in 1972 me and my mother whent to see uncle tommy and aunte houdy at iver trailer site see showed me the drawing you can see my grandfarther liberty smith was very ill well I better stop now as I could talk all day and night about me dad and hes family and me granny lemmy tainy smith davies all day


2 August 2014, 11:10

hello...this lady in the gypsy splendour painting is called LILO SMITH...she is my uncles mums granddads mum..all the smith family- and this can definatly be proven in black and white...there are a lot of travellers claiming its to do with their family because there from the same gypsy site in iver-but in all fairness evertone on there was related anyway but LILO SMITH was def def my granddads mum my mums granny etc and my oldest uncle can prove it in black and white with documents from dame laura knight, if you do your re search you will find her name is LILO SMITH. but all the smiths in iver are related anyway-gildroy smith is my granddads relation and freedom smith was married to my mums uncle harry and they had a boy called Stanley smith-freedom smith use to go out 'calling' to houses for 'rags' and when she was finished she use to go to the pub and push the pram home drunk and singing but she was well liked and respected, I am also related to Edwina smith-a cousin thru gildroy smith, please get back to me with any other info please as i'm most fascinated plus where can I buy a copy of the painting/s


1 August 2014, 21:48

hi I have reason to believe this woman is part of my family-we are smiths born on the caravan site and my family have spoken about this painting and this woman being my mums grandmother on her fathers side which would be my granddads mum, regarding one of your other posts from edwina my granddad is related to gildroy smith,, cos my granddads dad was gildroys brother and the woman freedom was my mums aunt cos her husband was my granddads brother harry and she had loads of collie dogs, its very intresting but I don't have a lot to do with anyone from iver anymore as iv moved on but this is a fabulous piece of history-I love it and want to get hold of the painting, I would appreciate any information on the painting and lilo smith if any one knows of them please

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