These were small cards, the size of a formal visiting card about 4 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches (11.4 x 6.3 cm), with a black-and-white photograph attached, often of a celebrity. They were invented in 1854 by A.A.E. Disderi and were hugely popular in the 1860s and often collected in Victorian portrait albums. The backs of the cards were normally printed with the photographer's name, address and insignia.
by William Edward Kilburn
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
by Robert Howlett, published by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope
(Johanna) Therese Carolina Tietjens (Titiens)
by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau
Alfred William Garrett; William Alexander Comyn Macfarlane; Gerard Manley Hopkins
by Thomas C. Bayfield
Kalulu (Ndugu M'hali)
by Henry Morris
Become a Member
Enjoy access to special events, discounts on the Gallery online shop, supporters’ updates and much more
Bringing people together by sharing the portraits and stories of the men and women who have shaped our nation.
Sign up to receive information on exhibitions, collections and activities of the National Portrait Gallery, including special offers, shop products, and exclusive competitions.