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These were small cards, the size of a formal visiting card about 4 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches (11.4 x 6.3 cm), with a black-and-white photograph attached, often of a celebrity. They were invented in 1854 by A.A.E. Disderi and were hugely popular in the 1860s and often collected in Victorian portrait albums. The backs of the cards were normally printed with the photographer's name, address and insignia.

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Florence Nightingale
by William Edward Kilburn
(circa 1856)
NPG x46634

Isambard Kingdom Brunel
by Robert Howlett, published by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
November 1857
NPG x4836

(Johanna) Therese Carolina Tietjens (Titiens)
by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau
NPG x74495

Rose Leclercq
by Southwell Brothers
NPG x74531

Sir Henry Morton Stanley; Kalulu (Ndugu M'hali)
by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
NPG x45981

Jean-Léon Gérôme
by Ferdinand Mulnier
late 1870s
NPG Ax17864

Thomas Carlyle
by (Octavius) Charles Watkins
NPG Ax5087

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