A drawing material, similar in texture and appearance to pastels, made from various soft stones or earths. The three main types are black, red (also called sanguine, and white chalk. They are applied dry to paper and smudge easily so can be blended and mixed. Today processed coloured chalks are produced by mixing the limestone rock used in white chalk with pigments, water, and a binding agent such as gum.
George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury
by Unknown artist
by Edward Gibson
by John Closterman
by George Richmond
by Charles Turner
Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt
by William Holman Hunt
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