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Fluid used for writing, printing or drawing, or painting. Ink was traditionally made with ground lamp black or some other colouring matter and a solution of glue or gum, then moulded into dry sticks or blocks to be mixed with water. Two basic types of ink are available. Waterproof inks dry to a glossy film which can be overlaid with another medium. Non-waterproof inks give an effect of diluted watercolour, drying to a matt finish.

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James Jefferys
by James Jefferys
circa 1774-1775
NPG 4669

John Keats
by Benjamin Robert Haydon
NPG 3251

Sir Edward Ebenezer Kay
by Sebastian Evans
7 March 1877
NPG 2173(15)

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
NPG 2833

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