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A print produced by a tonal rather than linear engraving process. It was a popular eighteenth century method of printing used to produce effects of light and shade. A copper or steel plate is worked all over with a curved, serrated tool called a rocker, making a burr over the surface to hold the ink that will print as a soft dark tone. The design is then created in lighter tones by scraping and burnishing areas of the roughened plate so that they hold less ink, or none in highlights.

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Detail from the Sistine Madonna
by William Say, after Raphael (Raffaello Santi)
circa 1803-1834 (circa 1512-1514)
NPG D11342

Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
by William Faithorne Jr, after Adriaen Hanneman
circa 1680 (1660)
NPG D10636

Isaac Watts
by George White, sold by Edward Dilly, and sold by Charles Dilly
NPG 640

Pierre Jean Baptiste Chardin
by and sold by John Faber Jr, after Jean Baptiste Siméon Chardin
1740 (1737)
NPG D10658

Young man holding candlestick
by Thomas Frye
published 1760
NPG D11289

George Douglas
by William Say, published by Edward Orme, after Caroline Lucy Douglas
circa 1803-1834
NPG D11329

James Gillray
by Charles Turner, after James Gillray
circa 1819 (circa 1800)
NPG D2775

by William Say, after Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle
circa 1825-1834
NPG D11374

The Bridal Morn (Queen Victoria; Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha)
by Samuel William Reynolds Jr, published by John William Laird, after Frederick William Lock
published 1844 (circa 1840-1841)
NPG D11227

Conference of Engineers at the Menai Straits Preparatory to Floating one of the Tubes of the Britannia Bridge
by James Scott, published by Henry Graves & Co, after John Lucas
published 25 January 1858
NPG D10713

Fictitious portrait called Lady Jane Grey
by George Dawe, after John Graham
circa 1795
NPG D11096

Arthur Cohen
by Frank Short, after John Singer Sargent
1917 (1906)
NPG D12034

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