The modern lead pencil is not made of lead but is a compressed mixture of clay and graphite in a wooden or plastic casing. It is a versatile and sensitive drawing tool, often used by artists for preliminary studies which can easily be rubbed out, and comes in varying grades of softness and hardness. Pencils also come in a range of colours, and with the water-soluble kind a line can be made into a wash of colour with a brush and water.
by Peter Oliver
Hester Lynch Piozzi (née Salusbury, later Mrs Thrale)
by George Dance
by George Henry Harlow
William Holman Hunt
by Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt
by Henri Gaudier-Brzeska
by Cecil Beaton
late 1960s-early 1970s
Listen to a series of podcasts exploring the lives of pioneering women, past and present.
William Eggleston was closely associated with the alternative music scene in Memphis. Revisit our 2016 exhibition and listen to a special playlist.
Links to audio and transcripts of interviews with artists, sitters and historic recordings.