Anthropomorphism

Gillray often used animal images in his satirical prints. Portraying Charles James Fox as a human figure with fox’s head and brush, or as an actual fox, is an obvious wordplay which he used frequently in prints of the early 1780s: as with Changing places; - alias; Fox stinking the badger out of his nest (D12982). Such symbolic images were a little old-fashioned by the late eighteenth century however. In John Bull and his dog Faithful (D12566) Gillray uses animals in a different way, by applying their characteristics to the targets of his satire. In this print John Bull is pestered by dogs representing opposition MPs, while the government dog, William Pitt, leads him dangerously close to an abyss. At the time the print was published the imagery was particularly relevant, as a tax on dogs, an early form of licence, had been proposed.

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Samuel Johnson ('Old wisdom blinking at the stars')
by James Gillray, published by W. Rennie
published 10 March 1782
NPG D12300

'Dame rat, and her poor little ones'
by James Gillray, published by J. Browning
published 26 March 1782
NPG D12301

'Aside he turn'd for envy, yet with jealous leer malign, eyd them askance'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 December 1782
NPG D12302

'The German dancing master'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 5 April 1782
NPG D12303

'Banco to the knave'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 April 1782
NPG D12304

'Britania's assassination. Or the Repulicans amusement'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 10 May 1782
NPG D12305

'Rodney introducing de Grasse'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 June 1782
NPG D12306

'Irish gratitude' (Henry Flood?; Henry Grattan; Edmond Sexton Pery, Viscount Pery)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 13 June 1782
NPG D12307

'St George and the dragon' (Charles James Fox; George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 13 June 1782
NPG D12308

'Monuments lately discovered on Salisbury Plain'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 15 June 1782
NPG D12309

'Gloria Mundi, or - the Devil addressing the sun'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 22 July 1782
NPG D12310

'The Jubilee'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 2 August 1782
NPG D12311

'The v[ictualling] committee framing a report'
by James Gillray
published 12 August 1782
NPG D12312

Edmund Burke ('Cincinnatus in retirement')
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 23 August 1782
NPG D12313

'The W[estminster] just-asses a braying - or - the downfall of the E. O. table'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 26 August 1782
NPG D12314

'Jove in his chair'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 11 September 1782
NPG D12315

Sir Francis Buller, 1st Bt ('Judge Thumb')
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 27 November 1782
NPG D12316

'A ministerial fact; or, a squib of the first day' (Charles James Fox; King George III)
by Unknown artist, published by William Holland
published 2 August 1786
NPG D12318

Queen Elizabeth I ('The great and glorious days of Queen Bess')
by Unknown artist, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 30 June 1781
NPG D12319

'The discarded viceroy silenced' (Charles James Fox and two others)
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 22 May 1782
NPG D12320

'Rodney triumphant - or - Admiral Lee Shore in the dumps'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published 31 May 1782
NPG D12321

'Malagrida and conspirators, consulting the ghost of Oliver Cromwell'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
published June 1782
NPG D12323

'Guy Vaux'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published circa June 1782
NPG D12324

'A modern antique'
probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 26 November 1782
NPG D12325

Lady Cecilia Johnston ('St Cecilia')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 24 April 1782
NPG D12326

'Une femme d'esprit'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 22 June 1795
NPG D12327

'Paridise regain'd' (King George IV; Charles James Fox; Mary Robinson (née Darby))
probably by James Gillray, published by J. Langham
published 20 February 1783
NPG D12329

Horse and rider
by Unknown artist
circa 1783
NPG D12330

'A warm birth for the old administration'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 2 April 1783
NPG D12332

'The lord of the vineyard'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 3 April 1783
NPG D12333

'Coalition dance' (Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford; Charles James Fox; Edmund Burke)
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 5 April 1783
NPG D12334

'Balaam, - or the majesty of the people'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 10 April 1783
NPG D12335

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