Napoleon

Unlike his English targets, Gillray was never able to observe Napoleon in the flesh; he relied on French engravings to provide images on which to base his caricatures. Early prints such as Buonaparté leaving Egypt (D12727) show the influence of authentic portraits, but it is in the character of 'Little Boney', first seen on 1 January 1803, that Gillray established a lasting image that was taken up by other caricaturists. The earliest appearance of this characterisation was in German nonchalence - or - the vexation of little Boney (D12798), but the diminutive, capering, ranting figure in Maniac-ravings - or - little Boney in a strong fit (D12811) perhaps best expresses the way in which the character developed.

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Napoléon Bonaparte ('Fighting for the dunghill: - or - Jack Tar settling Buonaparte')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 20 November 1798
NPG D12666

'Supposed to be, a correct representation of a Mameluke chief'
by Unknown artist, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 1 December 1798
NPG D12667

Horatio Nelson ('The Hero of the Nile')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 1 December 1798
NPG D12668

'Two pair of portraits'
by James Gillray, published by John Wright
published 1 December 1798
NPG D12669

Sir John Sinclair, 1st Bt
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 1 December 1798
NPG D12670

Napoleon Bonaparte
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 8 December 1798
NPG D12671

'Meeting of the monied interest'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 13 December 1798
NPG D12672

'Horrors of the Irish-Union; - botheration of poor Pat - or - a whisper across the Channel'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 24 December 1798
NPG D12673

'Evidence to character; - being a portrait of a traitor, by his friends & by himself'
by James Gillray, published by John Wright
published 1 October 1798
NPG D12674

'Lullaby! - sooth him with a lullaby!'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 July 1798
NPG D12675

'Citizens visiting the Bastille' (John Courtenay; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 16 January 1799
NPG D12676

'Egyptian sketches'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 March 1799
NPG D12678

'"L'insurrection de l'Institut Amphibie." - the pursuit of knowledge'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 March 1799
NPG D12680

'"L'Infanterie Francaise en Egypte." - le Genéral l'Asne converted to Ibrahim Bey'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 March 1799
NPG D12681

'Théologie à la Turque. - the pale of the Church of Mahomet. -'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 March 1799
NPG D12682

'New Pantheon of Democratic Mythology'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12685

Charles James Fox ('Hercules reposing')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12686

George Walpole ('Mars')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12687

'Harpyes defiling the feast' (George Tierney; George Shuckburgh; Joseph Jekyll)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12688

John Nicolls ('Cupid')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12689

'The twin stars, Castor & Pollux' (George Barclay?; Charles Sturt?)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12690

Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford ('The affrighted centaur, & lion Britanique')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 7 May 1799
NPG D12691

'The gout'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 14 May 1799
NPG D12692

Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings ('A man of importance')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 16 May 1799
NPG D12693

'The state of the war - or the monkey-race in danger'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 20 May 1799
NPG D12694

Jean Antoine Joseph de Bry ('The High German method of destroying vermin at Rat-Stadt')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 22 May 1799
NPG D12695

Alexander Vasilievich Suvóroff ('Field-Marshall Count Suwarrow-Romniskoy')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 23 May 1799
NPG D12696

Thomas Tyrwhitt Jones ('Independence')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 9 June 1799
NPG D12698

'"Monstrosities" of 1799, - scene, Kensington Gardens'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 25 June 1799
NPG D12699

'Punch cures the gout, - the colic, - and the 'tisick'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 13 July 1799
NPG D12701

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