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Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Follow the family tree of the Kings and Queens of England, from 871 to the present day.

The origins of kingship in England can be traced to the second century BC when Celtic and Belgic tribesmen, emigrated from continental Europe and settled in Britain displacing or absorbing the aboriginal inhabitants. The settlers established a number of tribal kingdoms, stretching as far north as Yorkshire, where the powerful Brigantes (from the area of modern Burgundy) and Parisii (whose name survives in the city of Paris, their original homeland) held sway.

The tree below displays linage from Celtic Britain before the Roman invasion to the Norman Conquest of 1066: the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, the coming of Christianity and the unification of England. The subsequent dynastic struggles of the Angevins and Plantagenets heralded the great age of English kingship under the Tudors and Stuarts, who united the crowns of Scotland and England, before the Hanoverians combined personal rule with parliamentary government, ushering in the modern age and the royalty of today.

See also
The Crown
Contemporary images from the Collection of some of the individuals portrayed within each episode of The Crown historical drama television series.

Anglo - Saxons & Danes 871 - 1066

House of
Wessex

Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
871-899

Edward
the Elder

King of the Anglo-Saxons
899–925

Athelstan
King of the
Anglo-Saxons
925–939

Edmund I
The Magnificent

King of England
939-46

Edred
King of England
946-955

House of
Knýtlinga

Eadwig (Edwy)
The Fair

King of England
955-959

Edgar I
The Peaceful

King of England
959-975

Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of Denmark,
Norway and England
1013–1014

Edward
the Martyr

King of England
975-978

Ethelred II
The Unready

King of England
979–1013
-1014–1016

Canute
the Great

King of England
1016–1035

Harold II
Harold Godwineson

King of England
1022– 1066

Edmund II
Ironside

King of England
April - Nov 1016

Edward
The Confessor

King of England
1042–1066

Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
1035-1040

Harthacnut
(Canute the Hardy)

King of Denmark
King of England
1040-1042

Edward
The Exile
1016–1057

The House of Lancaster 1399 - 1461 and 1470 - 1471
The House of York 1461 - 1470 and 1471 - 1485

House of
Lancaster

House of
York

Edward of Wales
The Black Prince
1330–1376

John of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster and Aquitainee
1340–1399

Edmund of Langley
1st Duke of York
1341–1402

Richard II
1377–139

Henry IV
1399–1413

John Beaufort
Earl of Somerset
1373–1410

Richard of Conisburgh
Earl of Cambridge
c. 1375–1415

Henry V
1413–1422

John Beaufort
Duke of Somerset
1413–1422

Richard of York
3rd Duke of York
1411–1460

Henry VI
1422–1461
1470–1471

Lady Margaret Beaufort
1443-1509

Richard III
1483–1485

Edward IV
1461–1470
1471–1483

House of
Tudor

Edward V
1483

House of Saxe Coburg-Gotha 1901 - 1910

Victoria
1837–190

House of Saxe
Coburg-Gotha

Edward VII
1901–1910

George V
1910–1936

Image banner: 'The Kings and Queens of England: From the Conquest to Queen Victoria' by Henry Hering 1862 NPG Ax131392 Given by Algernon Graves, 1916 (detail) © National Portrait Gallery, London