Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Follow the family tree of the Kings and Queens of England, from 871 to the present day.

The origins of kingship in England can be traced to the second century BC when Celtic and Belgic tribesmen, emigrated from continental Europe and settled in Britain displacing or absorbing the aboriginal inhabitants. The settlers established a number of tribal kingdoms, stretching as far north as Yorkshire, where the powerful Brigantes (from the area of modern Burgundy) and Parisii (whose name survives in the city of Paris, their original homeland) held sway.

The tree below displays linage from Celtic Britain before the Roman invasion to the Norman Conquest of 1066: the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, the coming of Christianity and the unification of England. The subsequent dynastic struggles of the Angevins and Plantagenets heralded the great age of English kingship under the Tudors and Stuarts, who united the crowns of Scotland and England, before the Hanoverians combined personal rule with parliamentary government, ushering in the modern age and the royalty of today.


Anglo - Saxons & Danes 871 - 1066

House of
Wessex
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
871-899
Edward
the Elder

899–925
Athelstan
King of the
Anglo-Saxons
925–939
Edmund I
The Magnificent

939-46
Edred
King of
England
946-955
House of
Knýtlinga
Eadwig (Edwy)
The Fair

King of England
955-959
Edgar I
The Peaceful

King of England
959-975
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of Denmark, Norway and England
1013–1014
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
975-978
Ethelred II
The Unready

King of England
979–1013
-1014–1016
Canute
The Great

King of England
1016–1035
Harold II
Harold Godwineson

King of England
1022– 1066
Edmund II
Ironside

King of England
April - Nov 1016
Edward
The Confessor

King of England
1042–1066
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
1035-1040
Harthacnut
(Canute the Hardy)

King of Denmark
King of England
1040-1042
Edward
the Exile
1016–1057

The Normans 1066 - 1154


Edward
the Exile
1016–1057
House of
Normandy
Margaret
Queen consort of
King Malcolm III
of Scotland
c.1045–1093
William I
The Conqueror

King of England
1066–1087
Matilda
Queen of England
of first consort
King Henry I
c.1080–1118
Henry I
King of England
1100-1135
Adela
c. 1067–1137
William II
Rufus

1087–1100
Matilda
c. 1102–1167
Stephen
1135–1154

The Angevins 1154 - 1216


Matilda
c. 1102–1167
Stephen
1135–1154
House of
Plantagenet
Henry II
1154–1189
Richard I
The Lionheart

1189–1199
John
'Lackland' or 'Softsword'
1199–1216
Henry III
1216–1272

The House of Lancaster 1399 - 1461 and 1470 - 1471
The House of York 1461 - 1470 and 1471 - 1485


House of
Lancaster
House of
York
Edward
of Wales
The Black Prince

1330–1376
John
of Gaunt
Duke of
Lancaster and Aquitaine

1340–1399
Edmund
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

1341–1402
Richard II
1377–1399
Henry IV
1399–1413
John
Beaufort
Earl of
Somerset

1373–1410
Richard
of Conisburgh
Earl of
Cambridge

c. 1375–1415
Henry V
1413–1422
John
Beaufort
Duke of
Somerset

1404–1444
Richard
of York
3rd Duke
of York

1411–1460
Henry VI
1422–1461
1470–1471
Lady Margaret Beaufort
1443-1509
Richard III
1483–1485
Edward IV
1461–1470
1471–1483
House of
Tudor
Edward V
1483

The Tudors 1485 - 1603


Lady Margaret Beaufort
1443-1509
Edward IV
1461–1470
1471–1483
House of
Tudor
Henry VII
1485–1509
Elizabeth
of York

1466–1503
Edward V
1483
Margaret
Tudor

1489–1541
Henry VIII
1509–1547
Mary
Tudor

1553-1558
James V
of Scotland

1512–1542
Edward VI
1547–1553
Mary I
1553–1558
Philip II
of Spain

1527–1598
Elizabeth I
1558–1603
Frances
Grey

1517–1559
Mary
Queen of
Scots

1542–1587
Lady Jane Grey
Proclaimed Queen 1553
( 9 Days)
House of
Stuart

House of Saxe Coburg-Gotha 1901 - 1910


Victoria
1837–1901
House of Saxe
Coburg-Gotha

Edward VII
1901–1910
George V
1910–1936

Image banner: 'The Kings and Queens of England: From the Conquest to Queen Victoria' by Henry Hering 1862 NPG Ax131392 Given by Algernon Graves, 1916 (detail) © National Portrait Gallery, London