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British Prime Ministers

52 People in group

Leader of Her Majesty's Government, the Prime Minister is responsible for policy and decision making of the government. A key figure in the House of Commons, appointing members of the government and administering the Civil Service and government agencies. The prime Minister is the leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in the chamber and appointed by the Queen under constitutional conventions. The role was not established by constitutional document but instead has evolved over the past 300 years. The overthrow of King James II during the Revolution of 1688 created a shift in the power dynamic and resulted in monarchs becoming more dependent on parliament. Robert Walpole is cited as the first modern Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury. By 1805 the Times newspaper began to use the term Prime Minister and it was used in parliamentary debates. By 1918 the Prime Minster had the authority to request dissolution of Parliament by the monarch to trigger a general election. In the same year, 10 Downing Street became the official residence.

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee

Prime Minister
Sitter in 47 portraits

(Robert) Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon

Prime Minister
Sitter in 42 portraits

Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin

Prime Minister
Sitter in 71 portraits

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

Prime Minister and philosopher
Sitter in 135 portraits

Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield

Prime Minister and novelist
Sitter associated with 110 portraits

Anthony Charles Lynton ('Tony') Blair

Prime Minister
Sitter in 14 portraits

(James) Gordon Brown

Prime Minister
Sitter in 7 portraits

John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute

Prime Minister
Sitter in 12 portraits

James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff

Prime Minister
Sitter in 21 portraits

David William Donald Cameron

Prime Minister
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Prime Minister
Sitter in 29 portraits

George Canning

Prime Minister
Sitter in 47 portraits

(Arthur) Neville Chamberlain

Prime Minister; son of Joseph Chamberlain
Sitter in 45 portraits

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 33 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait

William Ewart Gladstone

Prime Minister and writer
Sitter associated with 318 portraits

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 177 portraits

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford

Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 64 portraits

Sir Edward Heath

Prime Minister
Sitter in 60 portraits