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Pre-Raphaelites


46 People in artist grouping:

In 1848, against a backdrop of political upheaval and mass industrialization in Britain, 7 artists met in Gower Street, London to found a radical artistic movement. The artists were motivated by a shared aversion to the current academic painting of The Royal Academy of Art and Sir Joshua Reynolds, who they referred to as 'Sir Sloshua'. They sought to revive medieval and early Renaissance art and culture, advocating moral reform and a return to truth to nature. The name 'Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood' was chosen consciously to align their work stylistically with artists working before the Renaissance painter Raphael. The founding artists, including William Holman Hunt and Dante Rosetti, recorded minute detail in bright colours, creating complex compositions with moralizing themes. Sir John Ruskin championed their commitment to moral integrity through the microscopic detail of nature. However, the spiritual and creative integrity they sought, conflicted with the observational emphasis of their work. By 1853, the group had dissolved, although many of the artists remained friends and collaborators for the rest of their lives.

William Allingham

William Allingham

1824-1889
Poet
Sitter in 3 portraits
John Brett

John Brett

1831-1902
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait
Ford Madox Brown

Ford Madox Brown

1821-1893
Painter and designer
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist associated with 14 portraits
Sir Edward Burne-Jones

Sir Edward Burne-Jones

1833-1898
Painter and designer
Sitter in 24 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait
Georgiana (née Macdonald), Lady Burne-Jones

Georgiana (née Macdonald), Lady Burne-Jones

1840-1920
Wife and biographer of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1st Bt
Sitter in 9 portraits
William Shakespeare Burton

William Shakespeare Burton

1824-1916
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait
Julia Margaret Cameron

Julia Margaret Cameron

1815-1879
Pioneer photographer
Sitter in 8 portraits | Artist associated with 114 portraits
Effie Gray (Lady Millais)

Effie Gray (Lady Millais)

1828-1897
Former wife of John Ruskin, and later wife of Sir John Everett Millais
Sitter in 3 portraits
Charles Allston Collins

Charles Allston Collins

1828-1873
Painter and writer
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait
Fanny Cornforth (née Sarah Cox)

Fanny Cornforth (née Sarah Cox)

1835-circa 1909
Artists' model and intimate companion of Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Sitter in 1 portrait
Evelyn De Morgan

Evelyn De Morgan

1855-1919
Painter; wife of William Frend De Morgan
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait
William De Morgan

William De Morgan

1839-1917
Artist, potter and novelist
Sitter in 7 portraits
Frank Dicksee

Frank Dicksee

1853-1928
Painter and President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 18 portraits | Artist associated with 36 portraits
William Dyce

William Dyce

1806-1864
Pre-Raphaelite painter
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist associated with 2 portraits
Luke Fildes

Luke Fildes

1843-1927
Illustrator and genre and portrait painter
Sitter in 14 portraits | Artist associated with 13 portraits
Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton

Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton

1830-1896
Painter; President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 59 portraits | Artist associated with 7 portraits
No individual image available for this person

Thomas Cooper Gotch

1854-1931
Pre-Raphaelite painter and book illustrator
Artist associated with 1 portrait
Arthur Hughes

Arthur Hughes

1832-1915
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist associated with 3 portraits
William Holman Hunt

William Holman Hunt

1827-1910
Pre-Raphaelite painter
Sitter in 29 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits
Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt

1829-1896
Painter and President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 75 portraits | Artist associated with 41 portraits