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Quakers


33 People in group

Quakers are part of a religious movement with historically Christian origins. Originally known as the Society of Friends or the Religious Society of Friends, the group arose from the English Civil War during the seventeenth century, when some Protestant groups moved away from the Church of England. In 1647 George Fox declared that God's light is within every person, asserting that people could have a direct relationship with god without ceremonies and rituals. Quakers played a major role in the abolition movement against slavery and continue to campaign for social justice and reform. Quakers have also founded many significant manufacturing companies, including Cadbury and C. & J. Clark. Women have played a significant part in the movement since its foundation and Elizabeth Fry began her prison reform work at Newgate Prison in the nineteenth century. In 1947, the Quakers (represented by the Friends Service Council in London and the American Friends Service Committee in Philadelphia) were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their post-war relief work and in 1961 the helped to found Amnesty International.

John Dalton

John Dalton

1766-1844
Chemist and natural philosopher
Sitter in 15 portraits
Elizabeth Fry

Elizabeth Fry

1780-1845
Quaker minister and social reformer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Margery Fry

Margery Fry

1874-1958
Social and penal reformer; sister of Roger Fry
Sitter in 4 portraits
Roger Fry

Roger Fry

1866-1934
Critic and painter
Sitter in 18 portraits | Artist of 5 portraits
Samuel Gurney

Samuel Gurney

1786-1856
Philanthropist; known as 'The Banker's Banker'
Sitter in 8 portraits
William Penn

William Penn

1644-1718
Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania
Sitter in 5 portraits
Joseph Sturge

Joseph Sturge

1793-1859
Quaker and philanthropist
Sitter associated with 8 portraits
Bernard Barton

Bernard Barton

1784-1849
Quaker poet
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Bowly

Samuel Bowly

1802-1884
Quaker and anti-slavery agitator
Sitter in 4 portraits
Laurence John Cadbury

Laurence John Cadbury

1889-1982
Managing Director of Cadbury Bros. Ltd
Sitter in 5 portraits
Tapper Cadbury

Tapper Cadbury

1768-1860
Birmingham manufacturer and slavery abolitionist
Sitter in 4 portraits
Thomas Cumming

Thomas Cumming

died 1774
Quaker merchant
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Forster

William Forster

1784-1854
Quaker philanthropist and minister
Sitter in 4 portraits
George Fox

George Fox

1624-1691
Founder of the Society of Friends
Sitter in 7 portraits
Sir Edward Fry

Sir Edward Fry

1827-1918
Judge and zoologist
Sitter in 8 portraits
Ruth Fry

Ruth Fry

1878-1962
Quaker and writer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Charles Gilpin

Charles Gilpin

1815-1874
Politician, Quaker, orator, publisher and railway director
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait
Joseph Gurney

Joseph Gurney

1692-1760
Sitter in 1 portrait
Joseph John Gurney

Joseph John Gurney

1788-1847
Banker, Quaker philanthropist and writer
Sitter in 5 portraits