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Surrealists and their circle


28 People in artist grouping:

Launched by the French poet André Breton in Paris in 1924, the surrealist movement was intended to be an artistic and literary revolution that would occupy an international stage. Artists across the channel in Britain, mainly working in London and Birmingham, would interpret the driving forces of the movement. Heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories, they attempted to reconcile the unconscious with rational life in their work. They explored the power of dreams, embracing automatism, freeing them from the constraints of conscious thought. In 1936, David Emery Gascoyne, Roland Penrose, Paul Nash and Sir Herbert Read established the British Surrealist group and organized the International Surrealist Exhibition. Held in the New Burlington Gardens, it featured 400 works by artists from 13 different countries and attracted around 1000 visitors per day. The outbreak of WWII forced many artists to move abroad but the influence of the Surrealists and their circle on 20th century and contemporary art is undeniable.

Eileen Agar

Eileen Agar

1899-1991
Painter
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits
Jean Arp

Jean Arp

1886-1966
Sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker and poet
Sitter in 7 portraits
John Banting

John Banting

1902-1972
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist associated with 7 portraits
Edward Burra

Edward Burra

1905-1976
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits
Cecil Collins

Cecil Collins

1908-1989
Artist
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait
Ithell Colquhoun

Ithell Colquhoun

1906-1988
Painter and writer
Sitter in 5 portraits | Artist of 4 portraits
Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí

1904-1989
Surrealist artist
Sitter in 2 portraits
No individual image available for this person

Giorgio de Chirico

1888-1978
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait
Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp

1887-1968
Artist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Paul Eluard

Paul Eluard

1895-1952
Poet, co-founder of the Surrealist movement
Sitter in 1 portrait
David Emery Gascoyne

David Emery Gascoyne

1916-2001
Poet
Sitter in 7 portraits
Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

1901-1966
Sculptor
Sitter in 10 portraits
Stanley William Hayter

Stanley William Hayter

1901-1988
Printmaker
Sitter in 3 portraits
Humphrey Jennings

Humphrey Jennings

1907-1950
Documentary film-maker
Sitter in 1 portrait
Conroy Maddox

Conroy Maddox

1912-2005
Surrealist artist, teacher and writer
Sitter in 3 portraits
No individual image available for this person

René Magritte

1898-1967
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Melly

George Melly

1926-2007
Jazz singer, critic, writer and lecturer
Sitter in 18 portraits
Joan Miró

Joan Miró

1893-1983
Artist
Sitter in 9 portraits
Henry Moore

Henry Moore

1898-1986
Sculptor
Sitter in 98 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait
Paul Nash

Paul Nash

1889-1946
Artist
Sitter in 32 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait