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Symbolists


8 People in artist grouping:

The Symbolist painters sprung from the literary movement that flourished in France, during the 1860s and 1870s. Like the Parisian poets, artists across Europe began to reject realism and use personal metaphors and symbols to express their inner feelings and thoughts. The term was first used by the poet and art critic Jean Moréas in the Symbolisme manifesto, published in le Figaro in 1886. Artists began to explore their inner subjectivity through the themes of death, desire and the occult. Women became a reoccurring subject for these themes to be explored, they were often depicted as biblical and mythological figures or as femme fatales. Although the ideas of the movement were articulated through writing and manifestoes, the diverse artists worked independently of each other and didn't share a uniform style or approach. They were united by a shared dissatisfaction with the materialism and rationalism of the fin-de-siecle' world they inhabited and used art as a means of escapism and expression.

Aubrey Beardsley

Aubrey Beardsley

1872-1898
Illustrator
Sitter in 8 portraits
Sir Edward Burne-Jones

Sir Edward Burne-Jones

1833-1898
Painter and designer
Sitter in 24 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait
Charles Edward Conder

Charles Edward Conder

1868-1909
Painter
Sitter in 8 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits
Sir Alfred Gilbert

Sir Alfred Gilbert

1854-1934
Sculptor and goldsmith
Sitter in 5 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits
Charles de Sousy Ricketts

Charles de Sousy Ricketts

1866-1931
Painter, designer and art collector
Sitter in 8 portraits
Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

1828-1882
Painter and poet
Sitter in 29 portraits | Artist associated with 22 portraits
George Frederic Watts

George Frederic Watts

1817-1904
Painter and sculptor; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery
Sitter in 43 portraits | Artist associated with 92 portraits
Henry Alfred Pegram

Henry Alfred Pegram

1862-1937
Sculptor
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

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