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Putney debaters


10 People in sitter grouping:

From the 28th October 1647, following the defeat of the Royalists in the Civil War, Putney in West London would play host to a group of Parliamentarian soldiers and civilian Levellers, who would join to discuss the future of the nation. Known as the Putney Debaters, these men considered issues such as the right of all men to vote, the relationship between the monarchy and the government, and whether Charles I was fit to be king. The debates were attended by as many as 100 men, and records show at least 36 speakers took to the stand to address them. Perhaps the most prominent issue discussed was that of the 'Agreement of the People', which placed all power in the hands of the people, rather than the monarchy or the House of Lords. The debates came to an end on the 11th November when Charles I escaped from custody, sparking civil unrest and protests. However, the debates were reignited in 1648 as soldiers and Levellers came together again, fearful of parliament settling with the King. Although little detail of the debates was known publicly whilst they were taking place, subsequent discoveries of manuscript references to them have highlighted their importance as one of the first democratic enfranchisement movements in British history.

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell

1599-1658
Lord Protector of England
Sitter associated with 224 portraits
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

1612-1671
Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief
Sitter associated with 88 portraits
Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton

1611-1651
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
William Goffe

William Goffe

circa 1605-circa 1679
Regicide and Roundhead politician and major-general
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Harrison

Thomas Harrison

1606-1660
Parliamentary commander and regicide
Sitter in 10 portraits
John Hewson

John Hewson

died 1662
Parliamentary commander and regicide
Sitter in 6 portraits
Hugh Peter (Peters)

Hugh Peter (Peters)

1598-1660
Independent minister and parliamentarian
Sitter in 20 portraits
Robert Tichborne

Robert Tichborne

1610 or 1611-1682
Lord Mayor of London and regicide
Sitter in 3 portraits
William Walwyn

William Walwyn

1600-1681
Pamphleteer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir John Wildman

Sir John Wildman

1622 or 1623-1693
Leveller and conspirator
Sitter in 2 portraits