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Lunar Society of Birmingham and their circle


25 People in sitter grouping:

Although the core set never numbered more than fourteen, The Lunar Society of Birmingham and their associates are remembered as the Fathers of the Industrial Revolution. A group of brilliant and skilled minds from a variety of backgrounds, they explored the possibilities of advancements in medicine, manufacturing and engineering. They were called the Lunar Society because they would meet for dinner and discussion on the Sunday nearest the full moon, allowing them to work late into the evening on their experiments, and make the most of the full moonlight for their journeys home. Among the members were many strong educational and anti slavery campaigners, such as the abolitionist Thomas Day, who ignited the slavery debate with his well know poem The Dying Negro (1773). Active from about 1765, this informal society would continue to hold meetings until the end of the century, as its members passionately worked on their ideas that would lead to social and economic reform.

Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

1743-1820
Explorer and botanist
Sitter associated with 35 portraits
Matthew Boulton

Matthew Boulton

1728-1809
Industrialist and entrepreneur
Sitter in 14 portraits
Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin

1731-1802
Physician and poet
Sitter in 8 portraits
Richard Lovell Edgeworth

Richard Lovell Edgeworth

1744-1817
Writer and inventor
Sitter in 2 portraits
Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

1706-1790
American statesman; signer of the Declaration of Independence
Sitter in 8 portraits
Sir William Herschel

Sir William Herschel

1738-1822
Astronomer
Sitter in 12 portraits
Daniel Charles Solander

Daniel Charles Solander

1736-1782
Botanist
Sitter in 3 portraits
James Watt

James Watt

1736-1819
Engineer
Sitter in 17 portraits
Josiah Wedgwood

Josiah Wedgwood

1730-1795
Potter
Sitter in 6 portraits
Joseph Wright

Joseph Wright

1734-1797
Painter, known as 'Wright of Derby'
Sitter associated with 7 portraits | Artist associated with 19 portraits
John Baskerville

John Baskerville

1706-1775
Printer and type-designer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Beddoes

Thomas Beddoes

1760-1808
Physician
Sitter in 2 portraits
Joseph Black

Joseph Black

1728-1799
Chemist and physician; President of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (1759-1761 & 1765-1766)
Sitter in 5 portraits
James Brindley

James Brindley

1716-1772
Engineer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Thomas Day

Thomas Day

1748-1789
Author of 'Sandford and Merton'
Sitter in 2 portraits
Jean-André de Luc (Deluc)

Jean-André de Luc (Deluc)

1763-1847
Swiss geologist and meteorologist
Sitter associated with 2 portraits
George Fordyce

George Fordyce

1736-1802
Physician
Sitter in 1 portrait
Ralph Griffiths

Ralph Griffiths

1720-1803
Founder, proprietor and publisher of the 'Monthly Review'
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist associated with 2 portraits
James Hutton

James Hutton

1726-1797
Geologist
Sitter in 5 portraits
Samuel More

Samuel More

1726-1799
Apothecary and administrator
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist associated with 1 portrait