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Cliveden set

18 People in sitter grouping:

In November 1937, Claud Cockburn, editor of The Week, wrote and published a damning report on what he saw as the pro-German activities of Waldorf Astor, his wife, the politician Vicountess Nancy Astor and their circle of friends. He alleged that the group, who where often hosted by the Astors at their country residence, Cliveden in Buckinghamshire, were using their close political connections and media power (Waldorf owned The Observer) to influence the British Government into a policy of appeasement with Nazi Germany. Cockburn's article, accusing the Astors and their circle, was published just as the tide of public feeling was turning against appeasement, consequently, the story was picked up and embellished by newspapers all over the world, with the phrase 'The Cliveden Set' coined by another British publication. There remains, however, no evidence that the group acted in any way to actively distort British foreign policy, although some did hold pro-appeasement values, and Cockburn's theories are generally disregarded today.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

Conservative politician; MP for Plymouth Sutton; former wife of R.G. Shaw, and later wife of 2nd Viscount Astor; daughter of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne
Sitter in 37 portraits

Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor

Newspaper proprietor
Sitter in 13 portraits

Robert McGowan Barrington-Ward

Journalist; editor of The Times and army officer, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
Sitter in 7 portraits

Robert Henry Brand, 1st Baron Brand of Eydon

Director of Lloyds Bank Ltd
Sitter in 3 portraits

Lionel George Curtis

Writer and public servant
Sitter in 5 portraits

Geoffrey Dawson

Journalist; editor of The Times
Sitter in 3 portraits

Sir Henri Wilhelm August Deterding

Director General of Royal Dutch Petroleum
Sitter in 4 portraits

James Louis Garvin

Journalist and newspaper editor
Sitter in 15 portraits

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Viceroy of India
Sitter in 30 portraits

Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson

Sitter in 9 portraits

Thomas Jones

Public administrator and writer
Sitter in 3 portraits

Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian

Journalist and statesman
Sitter in 15 portraits

Harry Duncan McGowan, 1st Baron McGowan

Chairman of ICI
Sitter in 13 portraits

William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester

Sitter in 1 portrait

Montagu Collet Norman, 1st Baron Norman

Governor of the Bank of England
Sitter in 3 portraits

John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

Statesman and Lord Chancellor
Sitter in 35 portraits

Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp of Shortlands

Economist, financier and statistician
Sitter in 25 portraits

Samuel John Gurney Hoare, Viscount Templewood

Politician and Ambassador; Foreign Secretary
Sitter in 14 portraits