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Cliveden set


18 People in sitter grouping:

In November 1937, Claud Cockburn, editor of The Week, wrote and published a damning report on what he saw as the pro-German activities of Waldorf Astor, his wife, the politician Vicountess Nancy Astor and their circle of friends. He alleged that the group, who where often hosted by the Astors at their country residence, Cliveden in Buckinghamshire, were using their close political connections and media power (Waldorf owned The Observer) to influence the British Government into a policy of appeasement with Nazi Germany. Cockburn's article, accusing the Astors and their circle, was published just as the tide of public feeling was turning against appeasement, consequently, the story was picked up and embellished by newspapers all over the world, with the phrase 'The Cliveden Set' coined by another British publication. There remains, however, no evidence that the group acted in any way to actively distort British foreign policy, although some did hold pro-appeasement values, and Cockburn's theories are generally disregarded today.

Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor

Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor

1879-1952
Newspaper proprietor
Sitter in 13 portraits
Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

1879-1964
Conservative politician; MP for Plymouth Sutton; former wife of R.G. Shaw, and later wife of 2nd Viscount Astor; daughter of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne
Sitter in 39 portraits
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

1881-1959
Viceroy of India
Sitter in 31 portraits
Robert McGowan Barrington-Ward

Robert McGowan Barrington-Ward

1891-1948
Journalist; editor of The Times and army officer, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
Sitter in 7 portraits
Robert Henry Brand, 1st Baron Brand of Eydon

Robert Henry Brand, 1st Baron Brand of Eydon

1878-1963
Director of Lloyds Bank Ltd
Sitter in 3 portraits
Lionel George Curtis

Lionel George Curtis

1872-1955
Writer and public servant
Sitter in 5 portraits
Geoffrey Dawson

Geoffrey Dawson

1874-1944
Journalist; editor of The Times
Sitter in 3 portraits
Sir Henri Wilhelm August Deterding

Sir Henri Wilhelm August Deterding

1866-1939
Director General of Royal Dutch Petroleum
Sitter in 4 portraits
James Louis Garvin

James Louis Garvin

1868-1947
Journalist and newspaper editor
Sitter in 15 portraits
Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson

Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson

1882-1942
Diplomat
Sitter in 9 portraits
Thomas Jones

Thomas Jones

1870-1955
Public administrator and writer
Sitter in 3 portraits
Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian

Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian

1882-1940
Journalist and statesman
Sitter in 15 portraits
No individual image available for this person

Harry Duncan McGowan, 1st Baron McGowan

1874-1961
Chairman of ICI
Sitter in 13 portraits
William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester

William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester

1877-1947
Landowner
Sitter in 1 portrait
Montagu Collet Norman, 1st Baron Norman

Montagu Collet Norman, 1st Baron Norman

1871-1950
Governor of the Bank of England
Sitter in 3 portraits
John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

1873-1954
Statesman and Lord Chancellor
Sitter in 35 portraits
Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp of Shortlands

Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp of Shortlands

1880-1941
Economist, financier and statistician
Sitter in 25 portraits
Samuel John Gurney Hoare, Viscount Templewood

Samuel John Gurney Hoare, Viscount Templewood

1880-1959
Politician and Ambassador; Foreign Secretary
Sitter in 16 portraits