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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Sir George Anson

Sir George Anson

1769-1849
General and politician; MP for Lichfield
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

1731-1783
Solicitor-General
Sitter in 14 portraits
Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford

Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford

1765-1802
Whig politician and agriculturist
Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

1778-1868
Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 270 portraits
Edmund Burke

Edmund Burke

1729-1797
Statesman; orator; author
Sitter associated with 105 portraits
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden

Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden

1714-1794
Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 30 portraits
Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

1757-1806
Beauty and leader of Whig society; first wife of 5th Duke of Devonshire
Sitter in 29 portraits
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine

Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine

1750-1823
Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 69 portraits
Charles James Fox

Charles James Fox

1749-1806
Whig statesman
Sitter associated with 306 portraits
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville

William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville

1759-1834
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 70 portraits
George Grenville

George Grenville

1712-1770
Prime Minister
Sitter in 5 portraits
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

1764-1845
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 179 portraits
Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

1773-1840
Whig statesman and patron of art and letters
Sitter associated with 56 portraits
Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

1773-1850
Scottish judge and critic; editor of the 'Edinburgh Review'
Sitter in 11 portraits
Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

1725-1786
Admiral
Sitter associated with 29 portraits
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

1737-1805
Prime Minister and patron of the arts
Sitter associated with 67 portraits
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

1780-1863
Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council
Sitter associated with 77 portraits
George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton

George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton

1709-1773
Scholar and Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter in 7 portraits
Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

1800-1859
Historian, poet and politician; MP for Calne, Leeds and Edinburgh
Sitter in 26 portraits