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215 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Edmund Burke

Statesman; orator; author
Sitter associated with 105 portraits

Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

Beauty and leader of Whig society; first wife of 5th Duke of Devonshire
Sitter in 29 portraits

Charles James Fox

Whig statesman
Sitter associated with 305 portraits

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 177 portraits

Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

Whig statesman and patron of art and letters
Sitter associated with 55 portraits

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

Prime Minister and patron of the arts
Sitter associated with 67 portraits

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

Historian, poet and politician; MP for Calne, Leeds and Edinburgh
Sitter in 26 portraits

William Pitt

Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 173 portraits

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

Prime Minister and writer
Sitter in 245 portraits

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Dramatist and parliamentary orator
Sitter associated with 167 portraits

William Adam

Scottish barrister, politician and judge
Sitter associated with 6 portraits

Henry Aglionby Aglionby

Barrister and politician: MP for Cockermouth
Sitter in 1 portrait

Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury

Courtier and politician: MP for Marlborough
Sitter in 3 portraits

John Aislabie

Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 1 portrait

John Angerstein

Politician; MP for Camelford and Greenwich; son of John Julius Angerstein
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sir George Anson

General and politician; MP for Lichfield
Sitter in 1 portrait

John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll

Colonel, peer and politician; MP for Bute, Elgin and Dumbarton
Sitter in 2 portraits

George William Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll

Lord Steward of the Household and politician; MP for St Germans
Sitter associated with 6 portraits

John Campbell, 7th Duke of Argyll

Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, Lieutenant-Colonel and politician; MP for Argyllshire
Sitter in 3 portraits