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The Great War: Conscientious Objectors


39 People in group

1916 brought the introduction of conscription with the Military Service Act, and objection became a formal stance, with thousands of men's fates decided by the Military Service Tribunal. Most were put to war work on non combatant duties at aid posts, or driving field ambulances, but many where imprisoned for total refusal to take any part in any wartime activity. Garsington Manor became home to Phillip and Lady Ottoline Morrell in 1914, and from 1916 they invited their friends, many of whom where conscientious objectors, including several members of the Bloomsbury Set to spend the war years working on the home farm to avoid prosecution.

Clive Bell

Clive Bell

1881-1964
Art critic
Sitter in 29 portraits
David Garnett

David Garnett

1892-1981
Writer
Sitter in 6 portraits
Mark Gertler

Mark Gertler

1891-1939
Painter
Sitter in 99 portraits | Artist of 5 portraits
Duncan Grant

Duncan Grant

1885-1978
Artist
Sitter associated with 30 portraits | Artist of 9 portraits
Aldous Huxley

Aldous Huxley

1894-1963
Novelist
Sitter in 114 portraits
D.H. Lawrence

D.H. Lawrence

1885-1930
Novelist and poet
Sitter in 18 portraits
Lady Ottoline Morrell

Lady Ottoline Morrell

1873-1938
Patron of the arts; half-sister of 6th Duke of Portland; wife of Philip Edward Morrell
Sitter associated with 596 portraits | Artist associated with 1715 portraits
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell

1872-1970
Philosopher, mathematician and social reformer
Sitter in 117 portraits
Lytton Strachey

Lytton Strachey

1880-1932
Critic and biographer; son of Sir Richard Strachey
Sitter in 143 portraits | Artist associated with 5 portraits
(Reginald) Clifford Allen, 1st Baron Allen of Hurtwood

(Reginald) Clifford Allen, 1st Baron Allen of Hurtwood

1889-1939
Politician, pacifist and Chairman of the No-Conscription Fellowship in the Great War
Sitter in 5 portraits
Walter Henry Ayles

Walter Henry Ayles

1879-1953
Conscientious objector and Labour politician; MP for Bristol North, Southall and Hayes and Harlington
Sitter in 9 portraits
No individual image available for this person

John Rose Battley

1880-1952
Governing Director, Battley Bros. Ltd and Labour politician; MP for Clapham
Sitter in 6 portraits
Harold Begbie

Harold Begbie

1871-1929
Author and journalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Hon. Dorothy Eugénie Brett

Hon. Dorothy Eugénie Brett

1883-1977
Painter; daughter of 2nd Viscount Esher
Sitter in 37 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait
(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway

(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway

1888-1988
Politician and campaigner
Sitter in 8 portraits
George Maitland Lloyd Davies

George Maitland Lloyd Davies

1880-1949
Politician, Presbyterian minister and pacifist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Peter Fraser

Peter Fraser

1884-1950
Prime Minister of New Zealand
Sitter in 11 portraits
Stephen Henry Hobhouse

Stephen Henry Hobhouse

1881-1961
Writer on Prisons; eldest son of Henry Hobhouse; husband of Rosa Waugh
Sitter in 1 portrait
James Hindle Hudson

James Hindle Hudson

1881-1962
Politician, quaker and pacifist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Arthur Creech Jones

Arthur Creech Jones

1891-1964
Politician and trade unionist
Sitter in 22 portraits