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Independent Group


9 People in artist grouping:

Seen as the forerunner to the Pop Art movement, The Independent Group (or 'IG'), were active from 1952-55. They held their sessions at the ICA, to discuss the new forms of art possible by exploring the relatively recent trend of mass culture, advertising, material possessions and technology. At their first meeting in 1952, Eduardo Paolozzi, who led the session, showed the collected group of artists, critics and writers his collection of work entitled BUNK!, which consisted of all the key elements of this new art genre, including the use of advertising, comic strips and domestic graphics. It was also Paolozzi in 1947 that had used the word Pop in his work I was a rich man's plaything, which is considered the world's first use within an art work. The IG, with additional new members, would meet again in 1954, were the influence of American culture and Dada trends was obvious on the debates and discussions taking place. The group, many of whom were friends outside of the IG, would continue to meet informally after 1955, however it was the 1956 exhibition This is Tomorrow that would fully launch the group into the public conscience.

Richard Hamilton

Richard Hamilton

1922-2011
Painter
Sitter in 13 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits
Sir Eduardo Paolozzi

Sir Eduardo Paolozzi

1924-2005
Sculptor and graphic artist
Sitter in 25 portraits | Artist of 14 portraits
Alison Smithson

Alison Smithson

1928-1993
Architect
Sitter in 4 portraits
Peter Smithson

Peter Smithson

1923-2003
Architect
Sitter in 4 portraits
William Turnbull

William Turnbull

1922-2012
Sculptor
Sitter in 7 portraits
Lawrence Alloway

Lawrence Alloway

1926-1990
Gallerist and critic
Sitter in 1 portrait
Reyner Banham

Reyner Banham

1922-1988
Architectural critic and historian
Sitter in 2 portraits
Magda Cordell

Magda Cordell

1921-2008
Artist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Nigel Graeme Henderson

Nigel Graeme Henderson

1917-1985
Artist and photographer
Sitter in 2 portraits | Artist of 4 portraits