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Viceroys of India


20 People in group

From 1773, a governor-general was selected to govern over Fort William, Kolkata. Increasingly, the governor came to exercise greater authority over all the territories administered by the East India Company. Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and concerns over mismanagement within the East India Company, in 1858, control of the territories was passed to the crown. The title of viceroy was introduced and individuals were appointed by the sovereign on advice of the British government, instead of the Court of Directors of the East India Company. After independence in 1947, the title viceroy was abandoned and although governors continued to act as representatives of King George VI, India and Pakistan were headed by their own native governor-generals. Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Charles John Canning, Earl Canning

Charles John Canning, Earl Canning

1812-1862
Governor-General and first viceroy of India
Sitter in 12 portraits
Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma

1900-1979
Admiral of the Fleet
Sitter in 70 portraits
Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford

Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford

1868-1933
Viceroy of India and First Lord of the Admiralty
Sitter in 5 portraits
George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

1859-1925
Politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, traveller and Viceroy of India
Sitter associated with 34 portraits
Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

1826-1902
Diplomat and administrator
Sitter in 21 portraits
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin

James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin

1811-1863
Governor-in-chief of British North America and viceroy of India
Sitter in 11 portraits
Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin

Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin

1849-1917
Politician and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 7 portraits
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

1881-1959
Viceroy of India
Sitter in 31 portraits
Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

1858-1944
Diplomat and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 7 portraits
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

1845-1927
Viceroy of India and Foreign Secretary
Sitter in 28 portraits
Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow

Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow

1887-1952
Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1936-43
Sitter in 4 portraits
Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

1831-1891
'Owen Meredith'; Poet; Viceroy of India
Sitter in 19 portraits
Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo

Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo

1822-1872
Viceroy and Governor-General of India
Sitter in 6 portraits
Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto

Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto

1845-1914
Governor-general of Canada and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 9 portraits
Thomas George Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook

Thomas George Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook

1826-1904
Politician, First Lord of the Admiralty and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 16 portraits
Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading

Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading

1860-1935
Lord Chief Justice, diplomat and Viceroy of India
Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell

Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell

1883-1950
Field Marshal and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 27 portraits
Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon

Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon

1866-1941
Governor-General of Canada and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 6 portraits