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Rainbow Circle


14 People in sitter grouping:

The Rainbow Circle took their name from their meeting place on Fleet Street, The Rainbow Tavern, where a group of Fabians, liberals and socialists met regularly over dinner. The different political groups had began meeting in 1893, motivated by a shared desire to advance social progress and reform. The future Labour leader (James) Ramsay MacDonald and Liberal Home Secretary Herbert Louis Samuel, wished the diners club 'to provide a rational and comprehensive view of political and social progress' that 'could be ultimately formulated in a programme of action and in that form provide a rallying point for social reformers'. These meetings were a sign of the new social liberalism which emerged from a shared dissatisfaction with the current Liberal government, whom they perceived as indifferent and ineffective. The circle had an annual theme and each meeting began with a lecture and was followed by discussion. In 1896, the meetings moved from the tavern to a member's house in Bloomsbury. Here discussions continued to inform much of the welfare and progressive ideology of the early 20th Century.

Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane

Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane

1856-1928
Statesman, lawyer and philosopher
Sitter in 40 portraits
Ramsay MacDonald

Ramsay MacDonald

1866-1937
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 70 portraits
Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel

Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel

1870-1963
Home Secretary, 1st High Commissioner of Palestine and leader of the Liberal Party
Sitter in 45 portraits
Sir Percy Alden

Sir Percy Alden

1865-1944
Politician, writer and social reformer
Sitter in 11 portraits
Cecil Delisle Burns

Cecil Delisle Burns

1879-1942
Philosopher and university lecturer
Sitter in 4 portraits
William George Constable

William George Constable

1887-1976
Art historian; Director of the Courtauld Institute of Art
Sitter in 1 portrait
Alfred George Gardiner

Alfred George Gardiner

1865-1946
Author, journalist and 'Daily News' editor
Sitter in 3 portraits
George Peabody Gooch

George Peabody Gooch

1873-1968
Historian and politician
Sitter in 6 portraits
John Archibald Murray Macdonald

John Archibald Murray Macdonald

1854-1939
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 2 portraits
Noel Edward Buxton, 1st Baron Noel-Buxton

Noel Edward Buxton, 1st Baron Noel-Buxton

1869-1948
Politician and philanthropist
Sitter in 7 portraits
Sydney Haldane Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier

Sydney Haldane Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier

1859-1943
Colonial civil servant, politician and author
Sitter in 6 portraits | Artist associated with 3 portraits
No individual image available for this person

William Pember Reeves

1857-1932
High commissioner, New Zealand, historian and poet
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Charles Philips Trevelyan, 3rd Bt

Sir Charles Philips Trevelyan, 3rd Bt

1870-1958
Politician; MP and President of the Board of Education
Sitter in 9 portraits
Sir Alfred Eckhard Zimmern

Sir Alfred Eckhard Zimmern

1879-1957
Scholar and authority on international institutions
Sitter in 4 portraits