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The Civil War: Parliamentarians


41 People in sitter grouping:

During the English Civil War (1642-1651), the Parliamentarians fought against King Charles I and his supporters the Royalists. They supported the Parliament of England, challenging the absolute rule of Charles I. They had several advantages over the Royalists, including authority over the navy and significant financial resources. They anticipated the outcome of war and were strategic in securing sympathies in large towns by appointing supporters of their cause to office. In 1645, they established the New Model Army, whose soldiers were full time professionals that could be called to service anywhere in the country. The Royalists referred to the Parliamentarians as Roundheads, which mocked their short, cropped hairstyle. In the New Model Army it was a punishable offense to use the term. Eventually the conflicts and plots led to the trial and execution of Charles I, exile of his son King Charles II, replacement of the monarchy with the Commonwealth of England (1649-53) and Oliver Cromwell's rule (1653-59).

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell

1599-1658
Lord Protector of England
Sitter associated with 224 portraits
Richard Cromwell

Richard Cromwell

1626-1712
Lord Protector of England
Sitter associated with 22 portraits
Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

1591-1646
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 44 portraits
William Fairfax, 3rd Viscount Fairfax of Emley

William Fairfax, 3rd Viscount Fairfax of Emley

baptised 1610-1644
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

1612-1671
Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief
Sitter associated with 88 portraits
Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton

1611-1651
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
John Lambert

John Lambert

1619-1684
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 16 portraits
Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell

1621-1678
Poet and politician; MP for Kingston-upon-Hull
Sitter associated with 16 portraits
Sir William Waller

Sir William Waller

1597-1668
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
Sir Richard Brown, Bt

Sir Richard Brown, Bt

circa 1602-1669
Parliamentarian army officer, Lord Mayor of London and politician; MP for City of London
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Richard Browne, 1st Bt

Sir Richard Browne, 1st Bt

circa 1610-1669
Parliamentary general and Lord Mayor of London
Sitter in 7 portraits
John Claypole

John Claypole

1625-1688
Parliamentarian; husband of Cromwell's daughter, Elizabeth
Sitter in 3 portraits
George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer

George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer

1622-1684
Politician; parliamentarian military commissioner, later active in restoration of Charles II and MP for Cheshire
Sitter in 2 portraits
Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh

Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh

circa 1608-1675
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 3 portraits
John Disbrowe (Desborough)

John Disbrowe (Desborough)

baptised 1608-1680
Parliamentarian army officer and politician
Sitter in 4 portraits
Nathaniel Fiennes

Nathaniel Fiennes

1608-1669
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 10 portraits
Sir John Gell, 1st Bt

Sir John Gell, 1st Bt

baptised 1593-1671
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Grey, Baron Grey of Groby

Thomas Grey, Baron Grey of Groby

1622-1657
Parliamentarian army commander-in-chief, regicide and politician; MP for Leicester
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Edward Hales, 1st Bt

Sir Edward Hales, 1st Bt

circa 1576-1654
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Edward Harley

Sir Edward Harley

1624-1700
Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Herefordshire and Radnor
Sitter in 4 portraits