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The Civil War: Royalists


123 People in sitter grouping:

During the English Civil War (1662-1651), the Royalists championed the divine right of the monarch to govern England and fought against the opposing Parliamentarians. They had a deep-seated loyalty to the monarch and to the protection of King Charles I. Gentry, noblemen and Catholics were staunch supporters of the monarch, as were those who lived in the countryside, particularly the less economically developed northern and westerns parts of England. The Parliamentarians referred to them as Cavaliers taken from the French word chevalier meaning horseman, the derogatory term was later adopted by the Royalists themselves. The term made reference to the elaborate fashion of the court, their long hair worn in ringlets and their strong allegiance to the king. The Royalists achieved early victories during conflict due to their skills as horsemen. Despite these early victories, King Charles II was defeated by the Parliamentarians New Model Army of 28,000 soldiers at the Battle of Worcester in 1651.

John Belasyse (Bellasis), 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby

John Belasyse (Bellasis), 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby

circa 1615-1689
Royalist army officer and politician: MP for Thirsk
Sitter in 7 portraits
Arthur Capel, 1st Baron Capel

Arthur Capel, 1st Baron Capel

1604-1649
Writer, royalist and politician; MP for Hertfordshire
Sitter associated with 21 portraits
William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven

William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven

1606-1697
Soldier, Royalist and Privy Councillor
Sitter in 15 portraits
William Laud

William Laud

1573-1645
Archbishop of Canterbury
Sitter associated with 61 portraits
James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde

James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde

1610-1688
Statesman and royalist soldier; commander of the royalist forces in Ireland
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
Lord George Stuart, 9th Seigneur of Aubigny

Lord George Stuart, 9th Seigneur of Aubigny

1618-1642
Royalist commander
Sitter in 1 portrait
Richard Allestree

Richard Allestree

1619-1681
Royalist divine and provost of Eton College
Sitter in 5 portraits
Eusebius Andrews

Eusebius Andrews

died 1650
Royalist and barrister
Sitter in 1 portrait
Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey

Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey

1614-1686
Book collector and politician; MP for Dublin City, Radnorshire and Carmarthen
Sitter in 5 portraits
Henry Frederick Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel, 5th Earl of Surrey and 2nd Earl of Norfolk

Henry Frederick Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel, 5th Earl of Surrey and 2nd Earl of Norfolk

1608-1652
Royalist soldier and politician; MP for Arundel and Callan
Sitter associated with 11 portraits
Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour

Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour

circa 1608-1694
Royalist army officer and politician
Sitter in 2 portraits
John Ashburnham

John Ashburnham

1603-1671
Courtier, diplomat, royalist and politician; MP for Hastings and Sussex
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
Edward Ashton

Edward Ashton

died 1658
Royalist colonel and conspirator
Sitter in 1 portrait
Jacob Astley, Baron Astley

Jacob Astley, Baron Astley

1579-1652
Soldier and royalist commander; Major-General of the infantry
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir Bernard Astley

Sir Bernard Astley

died 1645
Royalist; son of Jacob Astley, Baron Astley
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Bailey

Thomas Bailey

died circa 1657
Royalist divine
Sitter in 7 portraits
Mary (née Hawtrey), Lady Bankes

Mary (née Hawtrey), Lady Bankes

died 1661
Royalist landholder; wife of Sir John Bankes
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Thomas Benbow

Thomas Benbow

died 1653
Royalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Benson

John Benson

active 1650
Royalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton

John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton

1602-1678
Royalist soldier
Sitter in 1 portrait