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The Civil War: Royalists


115 People in sitter grouping:

During the English Civil War (1662-1651), the Royalists championed the divine right of the monarch to govern England and fought against the opposing Parliamentarians. They had a deep-seated loyalty to the monarch and to the protection of King Charles I. Gentry, noblemen and Catholics were staunch supporters of the monarch, as were those who lived in the countryside, particularly the less economically developed northern and westerns parts of England. The Parliamentarians referred to them as Cavaliers taken from the French word chevalier meaning horseman, the derogatory term was later adopted by the Royalists themselves. The term made reference to the elaborate fashion of the court, their long hair worn in ringlets and their strong allegiance to the king. The Royalists achieved early victories during conflict due to their skills as horsemen. Despite these early victories, King Charles II was defeated by the Parliamentarians New Model Army of 28,000 soldiers at the Battle of Worcester in 1651.

Richard Allestree

Richard Allestree

1619-1681
Royalist divine and provost of Eton College
Sitter in 5 portraits
Eusebius Andrews

Eusebius Andrews

died 1650
Royalist and barrister
Sitter in 1 portrait
Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey

Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey

1614-1686
Book collector and politician; MP for Dublin City, Radnorshire and Carmarthen
Sitter in 5 portraits
Henry Frederick Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel, 5th Earl of Surrey and 2nd Earl of Norfolk

Henry Frederick Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel, 5th Earl of Surrey and 2nd Earl of Norfolk

1608-1652
Royalist soldier and politician; MP for Arundel and Callan
Sitter associated with 11 portraits
Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour

Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour

circa 1608-1694
Royalist army officer and politician
Sitter in 2 portraits
John Ashburnham

John Ashburnham

1603-1671
Courtier, diplomat, royalist and politician; MP for Hastings and Sussex
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
Edward Ashton

Edward Ashton

died 1658
Royalist colonel and conspirator
Sitter in 1 portrait
Jacob Astley, Baron Astley

Jacob Astley, Baron Astley

1579-1652
Soldier and royalist commander; Major-General of the infantry
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir Bernard Astley

Sir Bernard Astley

died 1645
Royalist; son of Jacob Astley, Baron Astley
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Bailey

Thomas Bailey

died circa 1657
Royalist divine
Sitter in 7 portraits
Mary (née Hawtrey), Lady Bankes

Mary (née Hawtrey), Lady Bankes

died 1661
Royalist landholder; wife of Sir John Bankes
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
John Belasyse (Bellasis), 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby

John Belasyse (Bellasis), 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby

circa 1615-1689
Royalist army officer and politician: MP for Thirsk
Sitter in 7 portraits
Thomas Benbow

Thomas Benbow

died 1653
Royalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Benson

John Benson

active 1650
Royalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton

John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton

1602-1678
Royalist soldier
Sitter in 1 portrait
Michael Blackburn

Michael Blackburn

died 1649
Royalist; Gentleman Clothier
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Boucher

George Boucher

died 1643
Royalist conspirator
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir John Boys

Sir John Boys

baptised 1607-1664
Royalist army officer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Patrick Ruthven, Earl of Brentford

Patrick Ruthven, Earl of Brentford

1573?-1651
Soldier, diplomat and royalist general
Sitter in 5 portraits
George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol

George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol

1612-1677
Royalist commander and politician; Secretary of State and MP for Dorset
Sitter in 14 portraits