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Suffragettes and Suffragists


94 People in sitter grouping:

The women's suffrage movement grew out of a demand for women to be part of the electoral process and have the same rights to vote as men. The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies was founded by Millicent Garrett Fawcett in 1897. This national, suffragist organization, promoted peaceful protest and allowed men to join. In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia founded the Women's Social and Political Union. Taking a more militant approach, the suffragettes demonstrated and were often arrested, where the tactic of hunger strike was often employed. This led to the 'Cat and Mouse Act', when officials could wait until prisoners had nearly died from starvation before releasing them, often to be re-arrested for a petty offence soon after. For the suffragettes, the beginning of World War I saw an end to the hunger strikes and a shift to focus on the war effort. The attention of the suffragists was split during the war with many focusing their efforts on a demand for pacifism. The Representation of the People's Act was passed in 1918, entitling women over the age of 30 who also met specific property requirements, the right to vote. On July 2 1928, this act was extended to include women over the age of 21.

Mary Sophia Allen

Mary Sophia Allen

1878-1964
Founder and Commandant of Women Police in London
Sitter in 2 portraits
Annie Besant (née Wood)

Annie Besant (née Wood)

1847-1933
Socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule
Sitter in 4 portraits
Josephine Butler

Josephine Butler

1828-1906
Social reformer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Rosalind Frances (née Stanley), Countess of Carlisle

Rosalind Frances (née Stanley), Countess of Carlisle

1845-1921
Promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform; wife of 9th Earl of Carlisle; daughter of 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley
Sitter in 5 portraits
Emily Wilding Davison

Emily Wilding Davison

1872-1913
Suffragette
Sitter associated with 2 portraits
Charlotte Despard (née French)

Charlotte Despard (née French)

1844-1939
Suffragette and social worker
Sitter in 9 portraits
Dame Millicent Fawcett

Dame Millicent Fawcett

1847-1929
Leader of the constitutional women's suffrage movement and author
Sitter in 14 portraits
No individual image available for this person

Ruth Gollancz (née Lowy)

1892-1973
Artist; wife of Victor Gollancz
Artist of 1 portrait
Annie Kenney

Annie Kenney

1879-1953
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits
Margaret McMillan

Margaret McMillan

1860-1931
Educationalist
Sitter in 2 portraits
Dame Christabel Pankhurst

Dame Christabel Pankhurst

1880-1958
Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 16 portraits
Emmeline Pankhurst

Emmeline Pankhurst

1858-1928
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 15 portraits
Sylvia Pankhurst

Sylvia Pankhurst

1882-1960
Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 19 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits
Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence

Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence

1871-1961
Women's suffragist and Labour politician; MP for Leicester West and Edinburgh East and Secretary of State for India and Burma
Sitter in 17 portraits
Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence

Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence

1867-1954
Suffragette; treasurer of the Women's Social and Politicial Union
Sitter in 8 portraits
Evelyn Jane Sharp (Mrs H.W. Nevinson)

Evelyn Jane Sharp (Mrs H.W. Nevinson)

1869-1955
Children's writer and suffragette; second wife of Henry Woodd Nevinson
Sitter in 2 portraits
Dame Ethel Mary Smyth

Dame Ethel Mary Smyth

1858-1944
Composer, writer and suffragette
Sitter in 26 portraits
Pippa Strachey

Pippa Strachey

1872-1968
Suffragist
Sitter in 43 portraits
Ray Strachey

Ray Strachey

1887-1940
Feminist activist, artist and writer
Sitter in 64 portraits | Artist associated with 99 portraits
Mary A. Aldham

Mary A. Aldham

active 1910s
Suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait