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Suffragettes and Suffragists

82 People in sitter grouping:

The women's suffrage movement grew out of a demand for women to be part of the electoral process and have the same rights to vote as men. The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies was founded by Millicent Garrett Fawcett in 1897. This national, suffragist organization, promoted peaceful protest and allowed men to join. In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia founded the Women's Social and Political Union. Taking a more militant approach, the suffragettes demonstrated and were often arrested, where the tactic of hunger strike was often employed. This led to the 'Cat and Mouse Act', when officials could wait until prisoners had nearly died from starvation before releasing them, often to be re-arrested for a petty offence soon after. For the Suffragettes, the beginning of World War I saw an end to the hunger strikes and a shift to focus on the war effort. The attention of the suffragists was split during the war with many focusing their efforts on a demand for pacifism. The Representation of the People's Act was passed in 1918, entitling women over the age of 30 who also met specific property requirements, the right to vote. On July 2 1928, this act was extended to include women over the age of 21.

Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett (née Garrett)

Leader of the constitutional women's suffrage movement and author
Sitter in 14 portraits

Dame Christabel Pankhurst

Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 16 portraits

Emmeline Pankhurst

Militant suffragette
Sitter in 14 portraits

Sylvia Pankhurst

Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 19 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits

Mary A. Aldham

active 1910s
Sitter in 1 portrait

Mary Sophia Allen

Founder and Commandant of Women Police in London
Sitter in 1 portrait

Katherine Louisa (née Stanley), Viscountess Amberley

Suffragist; wife of John Russell Amberley, Viscount Amberley; daughter of 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley
Sitter associated with 1 portrait

Gertrude Mary Ansell

Suffragette and member of the Fabian Women's Group
Sitter in 2 portraits

Helen Alexander Archdale (née Russell)

Journalist; Suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait

Jennie Baines

Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Lady Frances Balfour (née Campbell)

Churchwoman, suffragist and author; wife of Eustace James Anthony Balfour; daughter of 8th Duke of Argyll
Sitter in 4 portraits

Anna Maria Heywood (née Denman), Lady Barlow

Liberal politician and welfare reformer; wife of Sir John Emmott Barlow; sister of 3rd Baron Denman
Sitter in 3 portraits

Annie Bell

born 1874
Sitter in 2 portraits

Florence Nightingale Harrison Bell

Royal Commissioner on National Health Insurance; Suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sarah Benett

Suffragette; Treasurer of the Women's Freedom League
Sitter in 1 portrait

Teresa Mary Billington-Greig

Suffragette and political theorist; wife of Frederick Lewis Greig; daughter of William Billington
Sitter in 1 portrait

Maud Mary Brindley

born 1866
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sophie Bryant (née Willock)

Educationalist; Irish patriot; suffragist
Sitter in 1 portrait

Lady Constance Georgina Bulwer-Lytton

Suffragette; daughter of 1st Earl of Lytton
Sitter in 7 portraits