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The Raj and the Indian sub-continent


26 People in sitter grouping:

The British first arrived in India in the 1600s, establishing trading posts through the East India Company. By the mid 18th Century, the company's power and influence meant that a majority of India was controlled by Britain. By the 1700s, English was established as the language of administration and government. The British Raj (taken from the Hindi word Raj, meaning rule) officially began in 1858, when governance was transferred to the Crown with Queen Victoria being proclaimed the Empress of India in 1876. By the mid 19th Century, universities had been established in Kolkata and Mumbai and one of the largest railway networks was underway. Following growing discontent and uprisings, India gained its independence from Britain in 1947. It was partitioned into the Republic of India, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which would become the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition created one of the largest mass migrations in history to date.

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

1858-1944
Diplomat and viceroy of India
Sitter in 7 portraits
Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe

Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe

1785-1846
Provisional Governor-General of India; Governor-General of Canada
Sitter in 1 portrait
Mir Jafar

Mir Jafar

circa 1691-1765
Nawab of Murshidabad
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Bt

Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Bt

1761-1827
Administrator in India
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Charles James Napier

Sir Charles James Napier

1782-1853
Army officer and Conqueror of Sind
Sitter in 11 portraits
George Pigot, Baron Pigot

George Pigot, Baron Pigot

1719-1777
Governor of Madras
Sitter in 3 portraits