222 People in sitter grouping:
The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.
General and politician; MP for Lichfield
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sitter in 15 portraits
Whig politician and agriculturist
Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Sitter associated with 280 portraits
Statesman; orator; author
Sitter associated with 106 portraits
Sitter associated with 30 portraits
Beauty and leader of Whig society; first wife of 5th Duke of Devonshire
Sitter in 29 portraits
Sitter associated with 69 portraits
Sitter associated with 308 portraits
Sitter in 27 portraits
Sitter associated with 70 portraits
Sitter in 5 portraits
Sitter associated with 189 portraits
Whig statesman and patron of art and letters
Sitter associated with 57 portraits
Scottish judge and critic; editor of the 'Edinburgh Review'
Sitter in 11 portraits
Sitter associated with 29 portraits
Prime Minister and patron of the arts
Sitter associated with 68 portraits
Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery
Sitter associated with 77 portraits
Scholar and Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter in 7 portraits
Do, draw and make!
Do, draw and make!
From building dens to food faces – enjoy our Playful Portraits activities and find out about some brilliant people!
Activities for children and families inspired by three healthcare heroes from our Collection.
Downloadable and web based resources to support learning at home linked to art, history, citizenship and literacy.