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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Christopher Walters Stockdale

Christopher Walters Stockdale

circa 1665-1713
Politician; MP for Knaresborough
Sitter in 7 portraits
John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford

John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford

1772-1860
Field Marshal and politician; MP for Poole
Sitter in 4 portraits
George Stevens Byng, 2nd Earl of Strafford

George Stevens Byng, 2nd Earl of Strafford

1806-1886
Whig politician; Comptroller of the Household and Captain
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir George Strickland (later Cholmley), 7th Bt

Sir George Strickland (later Cholmley), 7th Bt

1782-1874
Lawyer and politician: MP for West Riding of Yorkshire and Preston
Sitter in 1 portrait
Henry Labouchere, Baron Taunton

Henry Labouchere, Baron Taunton

1798-1869
Politician; MP for Taunton, President of the Board of Trade and Secretary of State for the Colonies
Sitter in 12 portraits
Michael Angelo Taylor

Michael Angelo Taylor

circa 1757-1834
Barrister and politician; MP for Poole, Ilchester and City of Durham
Sitter associated with 35 portraits
Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow

Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow

1731-1806
Lord Chancellor
Sitter in 37 portraits
George Tierney

George Tierney

1761-1830
Politician; MP for Southwark and Knaresborough
Sitter associated with 51 portraits
James Townsend

James Townsend

1737-1787
Lord Mayor of London
Sitter in 3 portraits
Lord John Townshend

Lord John Townshend

1757-1833
Politician; Joint Paymaster of the Forces
Sitter associated with 9 portraits
Charles Townshend

Charles Townshend

1725-1767
Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Henry Tufnell

Henry Tufnell

1805-1854
Politician; MP for Ipswich and Plymouth Devonport
Sitter associated with 2 portraits
John Fitzpatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory

John Fitzpatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory

1745-1818
Irish Peer and politician: MP for Bedfordshire
Sitter associated with 5 portraits
Richard Watson

Richard Watson

1800-1852
Soldier and politician; MP for Canterbury
Sitter associated with 2 portraits
Richard Weyland

Richard Weyland

1780-1864
Soldier and politician: MP for Oxfordshire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Whitbread

Samuel Whitbread

1764-1815
Politician and brewer; son of brewer Samuel Whitbread
Sitter associated with 21 portraits
Samuel Charles Whitbread

Samuel Charles Whitbread

1796-1879
Politician; MP for Middlesex
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Wilbraham

George Wilbraham

1779-1852
Politician; MP for Cheshire South
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley, 10th Bt

Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley, 10th Bt

1801-1875
Politician; MP for Beaumaris, Flint Burghs and Anglesey
Sitter in 2 portraits

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