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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Gilbert John Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland

Gilbert John Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland

1795-1867
Politician; MP for Boston, Lincolnshire South and Rutland
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
Edward Baines

Edward Baines

1774-1848
Journalist, writer and politician: MP for Leeds
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Edward Baines

Sir Edward Baines

1800-1890
Journalist, educationist and politician; MP for Leeds
Sitter in 5 portraits
Charles James Barnett

Charles James Barnett

circa 1797-1882
Amateur cricketer and politician; MP for Maidstone
Sitter in 1 portrait
James Barnett

James Barnett

1760-1836
Banker and politician; MP for Rochester
Sitter in 1 portrait
Isaac Barré

Isaac Barré

1726-1802
Soldier and politician; MP for Wycombe and Calne
Sitter associated with 20 portraits
Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath

Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath

1734-1796
Statesman
Sitter in 2 portraits
William Battie-Wrightson

William Battie-Wrightson

1789-1879
Politician; MP for Northallerton
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Beckford

William Beckford

1709-1770
Slave owner and politician
Sitter in 15 portraits
John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford

John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford

1710-1771
Statesman
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
William Russell, 8th Duke of Bedford

William Russell, 8th Duke of Bedford

1809-1872
Politician; MP for Tavistock
Sitter in 1 portrait
Henry Grey Bennet

Henry Grey Bennet

1777-1836
Politician; MP for Shrewsbury
Sitter in 2 portraits
Lord George Cavendish Bentinck

Lord George Cavendish Bentinck

1802-1848
Statesman and sportsman
Sitter in 11 portraits
Ralph Bernal

Ralph Bernal

1783-1854
Art collector and politician; MP for Lincoln, Rochester and Weymouth & Melcombe Regis
Sitter in 2 portraits
William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough

William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough

1704-1793
Politician and public servant
Sitter in 3 portraits
Joseph Birch

Joseph Birch

1755-1833
Politician; MP for Nottingham
Sitter in 2 portraits
Bartholomew Bouverie

Bartholomew Bouverie

1754-1835
Politician; MP for Downton
Sitter in 2 portraits
James Wentworth Buller

James Wentworth Buller

1798-1865
Politician; MP for Exeter and North Devon
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Byng

George Byng

1735-1789
Politician; MP for Wigan and Middlesex
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Byng

George Byng

1764-1847
Politician; MP for Middlesex
Sitter associated with 13 portraits

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