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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

1728-1807
Politician; MP for Cambridge
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Calcraft the Elder

John Calcraft the Elder

1726-1772
Politician and army agent
Sitter in 1 portrait
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle

Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle

1748-1825
Politician and diplomat
Sitter associated with 26 portraits
Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon

Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon

1741-1811
Whig politician; Master of the Horse
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert John Carington (né Smith), 2nd Baron Carrington

Robert John Carington (né Smith), 2nd Baron Carrington

1796-1868
Politician; MP for Wendover, Buckinghamshire and Wycombe; son of 1st Baron Carrington
Sitter in 4 portraits
Lord John Cavendish

Lord John Cavendish

1732-1796
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter associated with 11 portraits
William Fawkener Chetwynd

William Fawkener Chetwynd

1788-1873
Politician; MP for Stafford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir William Robert Clayton, 5th Bt

Sir William Robert Clayton, 5th Bt

1786-1866
Politician; MP for Great Marlow
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Fortescue, 1st Baron Clermont

Thomas Fortescue, 1st Baron Clermont

1815-1887
Politician; MP for County Louth
Sitter in 3 portraits
Edward Bolton Clive

Edward Bolton Clive

1765-1845
Politician; MP for Hereford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Hon. Edward Keppel Wentworth Coke

Hon. Edward Keppel Wentworth Coke

1824-1889
Sheriff of Derbyshire, soldier and politician; MP for West Norfolk
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine

George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine

1751?-1824
Eccentric
Sitter in 20 portraits
Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton

Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton

1776-1842
Irish writer and politician; Paymaster-General
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Crewe, 1st Baron Crewe

John Crewe, 1st Baron Crewe

1742-1829
Politician; MP for Cheshire and Stafford
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir George Henry Dashwood, 5th Bt

Sir George Henry Dashwood, 5th Bt

1790-1862
Politician; MP for Buckinghamshire and Wycombe
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley

William Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley

1787-1855
Politician; MP for Dorset
Sitter in 2 portraits
Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby

Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby

1752-1834
Sportsman and patron of horse-racing
Sitter associated with 65 portraits
William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

1748-1811
Lord High Treasurer of Ireland
Sitter in 8 portraits
Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt

Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt

1784-1861
Politician; MP for Stamford and Lambeth
Sitter in 4 portraits
William Lewis Hughes, 1st Baron Dinorben

William Lewis Hughes, 1st Baron Dinorben

1767-1852
Copper mine owner, philanthropist and politician; MP for Wallingford
Sitter in 1 portrait

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