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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Edmund Dunch

Edmund Dunch

1657-1719
Whig politician and Master of the Royal Household to Queen Anne
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir Robert Lawrence Dundas

Sir Robert Lawrence Dundas

1780-1844
Politician; MP for Malton, East Retford and Richmond
Sitter in 1 portrait
James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

1776-1858
Barrister and Whig politician, Speaker of the House of Commons
Sitter in 10 portraits
Edward Ellice

Edward Ellice

1783-1863
Merchant and politician; MP for Coventry
Sitter in 11 portraits
Ralph Etwall

Ralph Etwall

1804-1882
Politician; MP for Andover
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Faithfull

George Faithfull

1790-1863
Solicitor and politician; MP for Brighton
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Nicholas Fazakerley

John Nicholas Fazakerley

1787-1852
Politician; MP for Lincoln, Great Grimsby, Tavistock and Peterborough
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert Ferguson

Robert Ferguson

1769-1840
Politician; MP for Fife, Dysart, Kirkcaldy and Haddingtonshire
Sitter in 3 portraits
Richard Fitzpatrick

Richard Fitzpatrick

1748-1813
General, poet and politician; MP for Tavistock and Bedfordshire
Sitter associated with 7 portraits
Lord John Edward Fitzroy

Lord John Edward Fitzroy

1785-1856
Politician; MP for Thetford and Bury St Edmunds
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam

William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam

1748-1833
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
Sitter in 13 portraits
Sir Henry Fletcher, 1st Bt

Sir Henry Fletcher, 1st Bt

1727?-1807
Politician; MP for Cumberland
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir William John Henry Browne Folkes, 2nd Bt

Sir William John Henry Browne Folkes, 2nd Bt

1786-1860
Politician; MP for Norfolk and Norfolk West
Sitter in 1 portrait
Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue

Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue

1783-1861
Politician; MP for Barnstaple, St Mawes, Buckingham, Devon, Tavistock and Devonshire North
Sitter associated with 23 portraits
Fitzstephen French

Fitzstephen French

1801-1873
Politician; MP for County Roscommon
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Gisborne the Younger

Thomas Gisborne the Younger

1794-1852
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Glynn

John Glynn

1722-1779
Lawyer and politician; MP for Middlesex
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert Gordon

Robert Gordon

1786-1864
Captain and politician; Financial Secretary to the Treasury and MP for Wareham, Cricklade and New Windsor
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton

George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton

1760-1844
Whig Politician and Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
Sitter in 3 portraits

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