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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

1809-1885
Poet, patron of literature and politician; MP for Pontefract
Sitter in 14 portraits
Philip Henry Howard

Philip Henry Howard

1801-1883
Politician; MP for Carlisle
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Hudson

Thomas Hudson

1772-1852
Politician; MP for Evesham
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Humphery

John Humphery

1794-1863
Politician; MP for Southwark
Sitter in 2 portraits
Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester

Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester

1787-1858
Whig peer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Robert Ingham

Robert Ingham

1793-1875
Barrister and politician; MP for South Shields
Sitter in 1 portrait
William James

William James

1791-1861
Politician; MP for Carlisle
Sitter in 1 portrait
Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

1773-1850
Scottish judge and critic; editor of the 'Edinburgh Review'
Sitter in 11 portraits
George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey

George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey

1735-1805
Courtier
Sitter in 6 portraits
Frances Villiers (née Twysden), Countess of Jersey

Frances Villiers (née Twysden), Countess of Jersey

1753-1821
Mistress of George IV and courtier
Sitter associated with 8 portraits
Swynfen Stevens Jervis

Swynfen Stevens Jervis

1798-1867
Occasional poet and politician; MP for Bridport
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir John Vanden Bempde Johnstone, 2nd Bt

Sir John Vanden Bempde Johnstone, 2nd Bt

1799-1869
Politician; MP for Yorkshire and Scarborough
Sitter in 3 portraits
Thomas Francis Kennedy

Thomas Francis Kennedy

1788-1879
Politician; MP for Ayr Burghs
Sitter in 1 portrait
Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

1725-1786
Admiral
Sitter associated with 29 portraits
Edward Bolton King

Edward Bolton King

1800-1878
Politician; MP for Warwick and South Warwickshire
Sitter in 2 portraits
Ralph John Lambton

Ralph John Lambton

circa 1767-1844
Banker and politician; MP for Durham
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

1737-1805
Prime Minister and patron of the arts
Sitter associated with 68 portraits
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

1780-1863
Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery
Sitter associated with 77 portraits
William Saunders Sebright Lascelles

William Saunders Sebright Lascelles

1798-1851
Politician; MP for Wakefield and Knaresborough
Sitter in 1 portrait

Visit From Your Armchair

Self-portrait as My Father from the series Encounter  by Silvia Rosi © Silvia Rosi

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Margaret Thatcher by Spitting Images Productions Ltd painted plastic, 1985

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