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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

1779-1848
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 159 portraits
Sir William Meredith, 3rd Bt

Sir William Meredith, 3rd Bt

baptised 1724-1790
Politician; Comptroller of the Household
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir William Mordaunt Milner, 3rd Bt

Sir William Mordaunt Milner, 3rd Bt

1754-1811
Mayor of York and politician; MP for York
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Oswald Mosley, 2nd Bt

Sir Oswald Mosley, 2nd Bt

1785-1871
Writer and politician; MP for Portarlington, Winchelsea, Midhurst and North Staffordshire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Charles Evelyn Pierrepont, Viscount Newark

Charles Evelyn Pierrepont, Viscount Newark

1805-1850
Poet and politician: MP for East Retford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir John Newport, 1st Bt

Sir John Newport, 1st Bt

1756-1843
Irish Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 4 portraits
Sir Gerald Noel, 2nd Bt

Sir Gerald Noel, 2nd Bt

1759-1838
Politician; MP for Maidstone and Rutland
Sitter in 1 portrait
Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

1746-1815
Politician; MP for Carlise and Arundel
Sitter associated with 55 portraits
Dudley Long North

Dudley Long North

1748-1829
Politician; MP for St Germans, Great Grimsby, Banbury Richmond and Haddington Burghs
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow

George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow

1731-1814
Politician; MP for Surrey
Sitter in 3 portraits
Frederick Paget

Frederick Paget

1807-1866
Soldier and politician; MP for Beaumaris
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Parr

Samuel Parr

1747-1825
Pedagogue and Whig pamphleteer
Sitter in 18 portraits
Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham

1695?-1754
Prime Minister
Sitter in 6 portraits
Louis Hayes Petit

Louis Hayes Petit

1774-1849
Barrister and politician; MP for Ripon
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

1766-1847
Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Warwickshire South
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Philpotts

John Philpotts

1775-1849
Mayor of Gloucester and Whig politician; MP for Gloucester
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Pinney

William Pinney

1806-1898
Politician; MP for Lyme Regis
Sitter in 2 portraits

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